$\text{expr2} = \max\left(l\left(i-1, j\right), l\left(i,j-1\right)\right)$

When the currently compared elements doesn't match, we have two possibilities for the LCS, one including X[i] but not Y[j] and other including Y[j] but not X[i].

/* Returns length of LCS for X[0..m-1], Y[0..n-1] */
int lcs( char *X, char *Y, int m, int n )
{
if (m == 0 || n == 0)
return 0;
if (X[m-1] == Y[n-1])
return 1 + lcs(X, Y, m-1, n-1);
else
return max(lcs(X, Y, m, n-1), lcs(X, Y, m-1, n));
}

54. Answer is **B. **Dynamic programming is used to save the previously found LCS. So, for any index [p,q] all smaller ones should have been computed earlier. Option D is not correct as the condition given requires even L[3,2] to be computed before L[2,4] which is not a necessity if we follow row-major order.

int lcs( char *X, char *Y, int m, int n )
{
int L[m+1][n+1];
int i, j;
/* Following steps build L[m+1][n+1] in bottom up fashion. Note
that L[i][j] contains length of LCS of X[0..i-1] and Y[0..j-1] */
for (i=0; i<=m; i++)
{
for (j=0; j<=n; j++)
{
if (i == 0 || j == 0)
L[i][j] = 0;
else if (X[i-1] == Y[j-1])
L[i][j] = L[i-1][j-1] + 1;
else
L[i][j] = max(L[i-1][j], L[i][j-1]);
}
}
/* L[m][n] contains length of LCS for X[0..n-1] and Y[0..m-1] */
return L[m][n];
}