In symmetric matrix, $A[i][j] = A[j][i]$. So, we have choice only for either the upper triangular elements or the lower triangular elements. Number of such elements will be $n + (n-1) + (n-2) + \cdots + 1 = n\frac{(n+1)}{2} = \frac{(n^2+n)}{2}$. Now, each element being either 0 or 1 means, we have 2 choices for each element and thus for $\frac{(n^2+n)}{2}$ elements we have $2^{\frac{(n^2+n)}{2}}$ possibilities.
Choice is $C.$