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Which are the essential prime implicants of the following Boolean function?

$f(a, b, c)= a' c+ ac'+b' c$

1. $a' c$ and $ac'$
2. $a' c$ and $b' c$
3. $a' c$ only.
4. $ac'$ and $bc'$

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$f(a,b,c) = a'c+ac'+b'c$

We can write these product of sum terms into canonical product of sum form.

$f(a,b,c) = \underbrace{a'b'c}_{001}+\underbrace{a'bc}_{011}+\underbrace{ab'c'}_{100}+\underbrace{abc'}_{110}+\underbrace{ab'c}_{101}+\underbrace{a'b'c}_{001}$

$f(a,b,c) = \sum(1,3,4,5,6)$

Now, we can draw the k-map for these minterms. • Prime implicant of $f$ is an implicant that is minimal - that is, the removal of any literal from product term results in a non-implicant for $f$.
• Essential prime implicant is an prime implicant that cover an output of the function that no combination of other prime implicants is able to cover.

Prime implicants are$:a'c,b'c,ab',ac'$

Essential prime implicants are$:a'c,ac'\:\text{(green color)}$.

References:

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Perfect explanation.
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No. of Implicants = No. of Minterms = 5

Please, correct me if i am wrong.

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@ayushsomani

It is not true.

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@ayushsomani

Number of implicants $=$ number of minterms $+$ number of subcubes of size $2$

Number of implicants $= 5 + 4 = 9$

PS: Number of implicants $=$  number of subcubes of size $2^{0} \:+$  number of subcubes of size $2^{1} +$  number of subcubes of size $2^{2} +$ number of subcubes of size $2^{3}$

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If prime implicant is the group of one's, then what is the difference between prime implicant & implicant

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@MRINMOY_HALDER

see this

From the above comment

$\implies$ All prime implicant is also implicant but the reverse is not true.

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In this example, they are saying y = AB + ABC + BC

all 3 are implicants, Can an implicants be subset of other implicant ??

If ABC is an implicant then it's the subset of both AB & BC, but implicant should not be subset of another, right??
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The last line is valid for prime implicant not for implicant.

Using K map $f = ac' + a'c$

edited
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yes you are right, b'c is selective prime implicant.
+3 Just to see it visually ;)

Clearly $A\bar{C}$ and $\bar{A}C$ cover cells that are not covered by any others.

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Essential prime implicant: A prime implicant that includes one or more distinguished one cells. Essential prime implicants are important because a minimal sum contains all essential prime implicants.

Reference:

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Someone please edit the answer. f is not a$\overline{c}$ + $\overline{a}$c

f = a$\overline{c}$ + $\overline{a}$c + $\overline{b}$c

or

f = a$\overline{c}$ + $\overline{a}$c + a$\overline{b}$

EPIs are a$\overline{c}$ , $\overline{a}$c
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