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+21 votes

Consider the following table:$$\begin{array}{|ll|ll|}\hline \rlap{\textbf {Algorithms}} & & \rlap{\textbf{Design Paradigms }} & \\\hline \text{P.} & \text{Kruskal} & \text{i.}& \text{Divide and Conquer} \\\hline \text{Q.} & \text{Quicksort} & \text{ii.}& \text{Greedy} \\\hline \text{R.} & \text{Floyd-Warshall} & \text{iii.}& \text{Dynamic Programming}\\\hline \end{array}$$

Match the algorithms to the design paradigms they are based on.

- $(P) \leftrightarrow (ii), (Q) \leftrightarrow (iii), (R) \leftrightarrow (i)$
- $(P) \leftrightarrow (iii), (Q) \leftrightarrow (i), (R) \leftrightarrow (ii)$
- $(P) \leftrightarrow (ii), (Q) \leftrightarrow (i), (R) \leftrightarrow (iii)$
- $(P) \leftrightarrow (i), (Q) \leftrightarrow (ii), (R) \leftrightarrow (iii)$

+23 votes

Best answer

In **Kruskal**, in every iteration, an edge of the **most minimum weight (greediest)** possible is selected and added to MST construction. Hence, **greedy**.

In **Quick Sort,** we partition the problem into subproblems, solve them and then combine. Hence, it is **Divide & Conquer**.

Floyd-Warshall uses Dynamic programming.

Hence, correct answer is : **OPTION (C).**

+6 votes

Kruskal --->greedy ( **Kruskal's algorithm** is a minimum-spanning-tree **algorithm **which finds an edge of the least possible weight that connects any two trees in the forest. It is a greedy **algorithm **in graph theory as it finds a minimum spanning tree for a connected weighted graph adding increasing cost arcs at each step).

Floyd warshall--->dynamic (**Dynamic Programming**. Set 16 (**Floyd Warshall Algorithm**) The **Floyd Warshall Algorithm** is for solving the All Pairs Shortest Path problem. The problem is to find shortest distances between every pair of vertices in a given edge weighted directed Graph).

hence ans is **C.**

+4 votes

option (C)

KRUSKAL --> greedy approach

QUICKSORT --> DIVIDE and CONQUER

Floyd-warshal --> Dynamic programming

KRUSKAL --> greedy approach

QUICKSORT --> DIVIDE and CONQUER

Floyd-warshal --> Dynamic programming

+4 votes

kruskals algorithm: It is used to find the minimum spanning tree of a given Graph, this algorithm follows "greedy approach" because the basic idea is find out the minimum weight of edges in MST.

Quick sort: It follows divide and conquer approach.

Floyd-Warshall : It is used to find all pair shortest path in Graph. It works on dynamic programming paradigm..

Hence C will be its answer....

Quick sort: It follows divide and conquer approach.

Floyd-Warshall : It is used to find all pair shortest path in Graph. It works on dynamic programming paradigm..

Hence C will be its answer....

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