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+16 votes

Consider the CFG with $\left\{S, A, B\right\}$ as the non-terminal alphabet, $\{a, b\}$ as the terminal alphabet, $S$ as the start symbol and the following set of production rules:

$S \rightarrow aB$            $S \rightarrow bA$

$B \rightarrow b$               $A \rightarrow a$ 

$B \rightarrow bS$           $A \rightarrow aS$

$B \rightarrow aBB$       $S \rightarrow bAA$

Which of the following strings is generated by the grammar?

  1. $aaaabb$
  2. $aabbbb$
  3. $aabbab$
  4. $abbbba$
asked in Compiler Design by Veteran (52k points)
edited by | 2.6k views
S -> aA ...from where ?
how did you get 3rd step from the second step??
Hm. Sorry.    I did not notice bS is not present in production.
Grammar(DCFL) for generating equal number of $a's$ and $b's$. Excluding $\epsilon$.
Just check for equal no of a's and b's .

2 Answers

+22 votes
Best answer
$S  \rightarrow aB$
    $ \rightarrow aaBB$
    $ \rightarrow aabB$
    $ \rightarrow aabbS$
    $ \rightarrow aabbaB$
    $ \rightarrow aabbab$

Correct Answer: $C$
answered by Veteran (408k points)
edited by
S->bAA ->baa

so it is not the grammer for generating equal numbers of a's and b's


     A  a

A         A aS




how will this generate aabbab? reply quick

are there two grammers here?? is the string supposed to be generated by both of them??
No it is one grammar having all these productions

as S->aB  s->bA, can be written as S->aB|bA

we need to find which of the given string can be derived by Grammar.

and then for that string , how many different derivations are possible
thanks, i was confused that how could s-> bA lead to aabbab
0 votes
ans c) b)
answered by Loyal (5.2k points)
no, you can not generate b) from given grammar if you try to generate b) you will get string "aabbbba" here one "a" at last position is extra

you can  generate c) only

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