2.1k views

Consider the following set of equations

$$x+2y=5\\ 4x+8y=12\\ 3x+6y+3z=15$$

This set

1. has unique solution
2. has no solution
3. has finite number of solutions
4. has infinite number of solutions
| 2.1k views
+12
A|B matrix will be given as -

$\begin{bmatrix} 1 &2 &0 &|5 \\ 4& 8 &0 & |12 \\ 3& 6 & 3 & |15 \end{bmatrix}$

After the row-operations -   R3->R3-3R1  and

R2->4R1-R2

We obtain the matrix -

$\begin{bmatrix} 1 &2 &0 &|5 \\ 0 & 0& 0& |8\\ 0& 0 & 3 & |0 \end{bmatrix}$

Now since, $Rank(A)\neq Rank(A|B)$

Hence, this is an inconsistent solution, that is, no solution.
0
@shweta how did you get 0000 oin the last row?
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After performing row operation R3 -> R3 - 3R1
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how 3 -0=0?
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My mistake it should be 3. I edited it.
+5

Formatting Error in PDF

There is an error in the formatting of this question in the soft copy of the GO PDF (screenshot attached for reference). +2 ..

+2

The error is still there in GO hardcopy- 2019 +2
With this print mistake, if we solve the question we get Option A) has unique solution. :P

Please let me know if I'm wrong. :)
0

@rohith1001 Yes I too got the same option.

There are no solutions.

If we multiply 1st equation by 4, we get

4x + 8y = 20

But 2nd equation says

4x + 8y = 12

Clearly, there can not be any pair of (x,y), which satisfies both equations.

Correct Answer: $B$
by Boss (11.3k points)
edited
0
I am getting rank of augmented matrix as 3 as well as rank of A =3 so according to this condition there must be a unique solution , although it shouldn't exist but then how can it contradict ?
+3
Rank of A is not 3. Recheck your method. First transformed the matrix into echelon form and rest can seen from the pic.

by Boss (10.8k points)