http://math.stackexchange.com/a/1279931/309722

If I solve this question using arjun sir approach I'm getting $\frac{1}{16}$.

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Kathleen
asked
in Probability
Sep 26, 2014

4,394 views
32 votes

Two friends agree to meet at a park with the following conditions. Each will reach the park between 4:00 pm and 5:00 pm and will see if the other has already arrived. If not, they will wait for 10 minutes or the end of the hour whichever is earlier and leave. What is the probability that the two will not meet?

http://math.stackexchange.com/a/1279931/309722

If I solve this question using arjun sir approach I'm getting $\frac{1}{16}$.

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35 votes

Best answer

We are given that both will be reaching the park between $4:00$ and $5:00$.

Probability that one friend arrives between $4:00$ and $4:50 = \dfrac{5}{6}$

Probability that one friend arrives between $4:00$ and $4:50$ and meets the other arriving in the next $10$ minutes $=\dfrac{5}{6}\times \dfrac{1}{6}\times {2} =\dfrac{10}{36} =\dfrac{5}{18}.$

(For any time of arrival between $4:00$ and $4:50,$ we have a $10$ minute interval possible for the second friend to arrive, and $2$ cases as for choosing which friend arrives first)

Probability that both friend arrives between $4:50$ and $5:00 =\dfrac{1}{6}\times \dfrac{1}{6} =\dfrac{1}{36}.$

This covers all possibility of a meet. So, required probability of non-meet

$=1 - \left( \dfrac{5}{18} + \dfrac{1}{36}\right)$

$= 1 - \dfrac{11}{36}$

$=\dfrac{25}{36}.$

Probability that one friend arrives between $4:00$ and $4:50 = \dfrac{5}{6}$

Probability that one friend arrives between $4:00$ and $4:50$ and meets the other arriving in the next $10$ minutes $=\dfrac{5}{6}\times \dfrac{1}{6}\times {2} =\dfrac{10}{36} =\dfrac{5}{18}.$

(For any time of arrival between $4:00$ and $4:50,$ we have a $10$ minute interval possible for the second friend to arrive, and $2$ cases as for choosing which friend arrives first)

Probability that both friend arrives between $4:50$ and $5:00 =\dfrac{1}{6}\times \dfrac{1}{6} =\dfrac{1}{36}.$

This covers all possibility of a meet. So, required probability of non-meet

$=1 - \left( \dfrac{5}{18} + \dfrac{1}{36}\right)$

$= 1 - \dfrac{11}{36}$

$=\dfrac{25}{36}.$

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Let us assume the origin to be equivalent to (4:00pm, 4:00pm)… and the marking on the x axis and y axis are in minutes…

$X$ is the random variable which shows the time instant at which friend $X$ arrives. And $Y$ is the random variable which shows the time interval at which friend $Y$ arrives.

Friend $Y$ shall not be able to meet $X$ if $Y$ arrives 10 mins after X arrives. So this is given by $\color{green}{Y>X+10}$ and the region is shown by $\color{green}{GREEN}$ in the graph above.

Similarly, Friend $X$ shall not be able to meet $Y$ if $X$ arrives 10 mins after Y arrives. So this is given by $\color{blue}{X>Y+10}$ and the region is shown by $\color{blue}{BLUE}$ in the graph above.

By virtue of how we have considered the picture above:

> they will wait for 10 minutes or the end of the hour whichever is earlier and leave.

Automatically gets covered…

So required probability = (Area in Blue+area in green)/Total area of the rectangle=25/36

4

@HitechGa nice way!!

could you please share some links of the resources from where i can learn where to apply this concept..?

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27 votes

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