Determinant is prime means product of these eigen values (3 because matrix is of dimension 3) is prime. When can product of 3 numbers be prime? Only when one of them is prime and other two are 1.
If you take two of them prime then the product becomes a non prime no. having factors as 1, those two prime numbers you multiplied and the number itself, thereby violating the conditions of being a prime no.
Let E1,E2,E3. And E1=E2=1.