in Mathematical Logic
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whats ans of this qn and please explain 

in Mathematical Logic
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4 Comments

tell me please why S1 i not correct
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tell me C is the correct answer or not ??
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no
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1 Answer

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Here P(x,y) means that x is the divisor of y where x and y are the integers from the universe of discourse..

to make it simple let us say y=5 which is divisible by only 1 ,5.

                                            y=15 divisible by 1,3,5,15

we can say that 

every value of y will be divisible by some values of x..

or some x is only the divisor of all y.

now converting it to two place predicate...

xy P(x,y) means some x is divisor of all y.

or 

yxP(x,y) means all y is dividend of some x.

which means option B is the correct option (S2 and S3 is correct

 

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Thanks bro for answering,   your answer is correct, although i have one doubt. Why S1 is not true.
for S1 we can write like this - for every x there exist a number y in which the x can divide y. what i understand for every number in the integer it can divide at least one number. it must be true.
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Brother it means that all values of x is divisor of some y... Which can never be true as all values of x cannot divide some particular values of y..

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Only one possibility is there when we take product of all values of X which is not possible as we cannot track that value...
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bro i think it means for every value of x there exists at least one y. The value of y depends on what we choose x. suppose x = {1,2,3,4} It means for every value of x i.e if we take x =1 it should divide one number (as it divide 1) and if we take x =2 it should also divide one number and so on. So every value of x, it should divide some number and it is not necessary that some number should be the same for different x.

like everyone like someone it means that someone should not be the same for everyone.

this is the way i am thinking, Please correct me if i am wrong.
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see the first thing you need to understand is that..

universe of discourse is the set of all integers

and the statment means that every x should be divisor of y..

and here set x will contain entire integers which is countably infinite..

now say if you want to satisfy statement 1 than there is only 1 y which can be divided by all values of x i.e. product of all integers from the set x... so now tell me can u find that value of y...

if yes . than that statement is TRUE. else FALSE. 

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i do understand the universe is set of all integers, 

what you are doing wrong here is you are finding one y for all x which is wrong, you have to find at least one y for each and every x. there is a difference between  

xP(x,y)  and  ∃yx P(x,y)  

The reason why S1 is false because for x=0 we can't find at least one y if the question would have been ∀x ∃y P(x,y) where x is not 0. Then it would be true. 

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yes i got u i was making a mistake i was taking a different path which was wrong and invalid.  it means that all these values of x must divide some y or atleast one y..

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and 0 cannot divide any  number... so its false..
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yeah bro, although thanks for answering
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