GATE1995-1.4

1.2k views

In the following Pascal program segment, what is the value of X after the execution of the program segment?

X := -10; Y := 20;
If X > Y then if X < 0 then X := abs(X) else X := 2*X;
1. $10$
2. $-20$
3. $-10$
4. None

edited

Answer of $X$ remains unchanged. As the if condition becomes false.

X := -10

Answer is C . This is classic example of $if-else$ issue. Always $else$ matches for nesting to the closest $if$  in $C$ Programming & Pascal .
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dangling_else

if (x>y)
{
if (x<0)
x=abs(x)
else
x=2*x
}

edited
0
else matches to closest if in all languages?
3
For sure in C & Pascal ! We don't get any other languages in GATE !
2
But here x < y i.e.  -10 < 20
0
Yes you seem correct. Updated.
2
When having confusion, always try to match else with last unmatched if condition.

This is usually the solution the compiler follows for dangling else problem during compilation of a program.

Reference: Ullman for compilers
0

I havenot got your point

always try to match else with last unmatched if condition.

means?

0
Means

if(a>b) then if(b>c) then t=x else v=y will be

if(a>b) then

if(b>c) then

t=x

else

v=y
X is remains unchanged. As the if condition is becomes false.
X = -10

Hope this helps:)

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