Given Sequence is :
$A,B,B,C,C,C,D,D,D,D,\ldots$ etc.
Here, each alphabet is repeated as many times as its position in the alphabetical order. $$\begin{array}{|c|c|l|} \hline \textbf{Alphabet} & \textbf{Position in} & \textbf{Position in the Given Sequence} \\& \textbf{alphabetical order}&\\\hline A & 1 & 1^{st} \\\hline B & 2 & 2^{nd} \text{ and }\ \ 3^{rd} \\\hline C & 3 & 4^{th}, 5^{th} \text{ and } \ \ 6^{th} \\\hline D & 4 & 7^{th}, 8^{th}, 9^{th} \text{ and } \ \ 10^{th} \\\hline \ldots & \ldots& \ldots \\\hline \text{Some Alphabet} & n & \left ( \frac{n(n+1)}{2} - n+1 \right ),
\left ( \frac{n(n+1)}{2} - n+2 \right ),\\&&\ldots,240^{th},\ldots, \left(\frac{n.(n+1)}{2}\right)\\
\hline
\end{array}$$ Here, $\frac{n(n+1)}{2}$ is the last position in the given sequence for an alphabet whose position is $n$ in the alphabetical order. So, If we have to find an alphabet whose position is $i^{th}$ in the given sequence and whose position is $n$ in the alphabetical order then we have to find smallest integer value of $n$ such that $\frac{n(n+1)}{2} \geqslant i$
For example, if $i=5,$ it means we have to find alphabet whose position is $5^{th}$ in the given sequence, then we have to find minimum value of $n$ such that $\frac{n(n+1)}{2} \geqslant 5$, So, minimum value of $n = 3$ means it will be alphabet $C.$
Similarly, if $i=8$ means we have to find alphabet whose position is $8^{th}$ in the given sequence, then we have to find minimum value of $n$ such that $\frac{n(n+1)}{2} \geqslant 8$, So, minimum value of $n = 4$ means it will be alphabet $D.$
Now, in this question, we have to find smallest integer value of $n$ such that
$\quad\frac{n(n+1)}{2}$ $\geq$ $240$ $(\because$ Sum of first $n$ natural numbers = $\frac{n(n+1)}{2})$
$\quad \Rightarrow n*(n+1)\geq 480$
Options given are $V, U, T, W.$ So, value of $n$ can be $22,21,20$ or $23.$
$22*23 = 506$ $\geq$ $480$ $\Rightarrow$ $n= 22.$
The $22^{nd}$ alphabet is $V.$
$\therefore$ Option $(A).$ $V$ is the correct answer.