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What is the probability that there is an edge in an undirected random graph having 8 vertices?

1. 1
2.  1/8

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@srestha

help..

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Since it is an undirected random graph and not a null graph => it will have an edge

So probability of having an edge in the graph is 1.
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But wikipedia says that -->

It may be considered , or even both; when considered as directed, it is a directed acyclic graph. And it is both a complete graph and an edgeless graph. However, definitions for each of these graph properties will vary depending on whether context allows for K 0 {\displaystyle K_{0}} .

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So 2 case arise if the graph is null or not.

favourable case is not null.

so probability = 1/2

but since 1/2 is not in option we will go with 1 assuming that they are not taking null graph into consideration.
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$\frac{^{8}\textrm{C}_{2}}{2^{8}}$
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It is asking if there is an edge in the undirected graph just like what is probability of getting sunday in a week.

+2
same type ques in GATE
+1

@Satbir Thanks :)

Probability of taking $0$ vertex among $8$ vertices is $^{8}\textrm{C}_{0}$ [means no edge]

Probability of taking $1$ vertex among $8$ vertices is $^{8}\textrm{C}_{1}$ [means no edge]

Probability of taking $2$ vertex among $8$ vertices is $^{8}\textrm{C}_{2}$ [means $1$ edge]

.......

Now we can take any number of edges

So, number of vertices we can select=$^{8}\textrm{C}_{0}+^{8}\textrm{C}_{1}+^{8}\textrm{C}_{2}+^{8}\textrm{C}_{3}+............+^{8}\textrm{C}_{8}=2^{8}$

But according to question there is an edge with $8$ vertices , i.e. $^{8}\textrm{C}_{2}$

So, answer should be $\frac{^{8}\textrm{C}_{2}}{2^{8}}$

If they asking for Expected value, then there must be a weight or cost (like 1/2 given in GATE question). But, here that is not the scenario.

https://gateoverflow.in/1535/gate2013-24

https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-probability-and-expectation

by Veteran (116k points)
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@srestha Thank you.. :)

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Why is probability of having an edge in a graph with n vertices is 1 is wrong if it is not a null graph ?
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If provided that the graph is not null then it will absolutely be fine...But the they have not stated such..
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Yes right

So here there are 2 cases
1. graph can be null graph(it does not have any edge)
2. graph is not a null graph(it has an edge)

What is wrong in this ?
+1
non-NULL graph that can contain any number of edge.

So, if u take probability$\frac{NON-NULL}{NON-NULL+NULL}$ , then NON_NULL  doesnot specifies only $1$ edge among $8$ vertices
As said the answer is 1

But it's not right as the probability will be 2^28 -1 / 2^28 which is close to 1 but not one. The question does not specify Whether the graph chosen will be null or not thus total possibilities =2^28, only.one possibility when edge will not exist if it becomes null graph . So favourable events =2^28-1

. Thus probability becomes 2^28-1/28

Edit its 2^28 not 28
by Active (1.2k points)
edited
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How u getting 28 ?