$\because$ It is given that we just have to insert 1 element in an array.
So $2$ cases arise
case 1.
The element is inserted at correct position. This means that the sorting algorithm worked correctly.
case 2.
The element is inserted at wrong position. This means that the sorting algorithm worked incorrectly.
So , we can say that the probability that the sorting algorithm worked correctly
= Probability of inserting the element at correct position
= $0.9$