$P(no\ husband\ wife\ sits\ together) $
$= 1- P(atleast\ 1\ couple\ sits\ together)$
$= 1 - P(1\ couple\ sits\ together\ U\ 2\ couple\ sits\ together\ U\ ....U\ 10\ couples\ sits\ together)$
Let $Husband_1\ and\ Wife_1$ sit together. They can sit together in $2$ ways i.e. $Husband_1 Wife_1$ or $Wife_1Husband_1$
Let $Husband_1\ and\ Wife_1$ be $X$ i.e. they form a unit.
so there are $18+1(X)=19$ people who have to be arranged in circular permutation which can be done in $(19-1)!$ ways.
So couple $1$ can sit together in $18! *2$ ways
And we have $10$ such couples.
so $C_1$ = $1$ couple sit together → $10*18!*2^1$ ways = $128,0 47,47 4,114 ,560,000$ ways
$C_2$ = $2$ couples can sit togeher → $\binom{10}{2}*17!*2^2$ ways = $64,023,737,057,280,000$ ways
Here the $2$ couples can interchange their position so $2*2$ permutations can be done
Here the $2$ couples forms $2$ units.i.e.
Let $Husband_1\ and\ Wife_1$ be $X$ i.e. they form a unit.
Let $Husband_2\ and\ Wife_2$ be $Y$ i.e. they form a unit.
so total $1(X)+1(Y)+16=18$ people have to be arranged in circular permutation which can be done in $17!$ ways.
Similarly,
$C_3$ =$3$ couples can sit together → $\binom{10}{3}*16!*2^3$ ways = $20,085,878,292,480,000$ ways
$C_4$ =$4$ couples can sit together → $\binom{10}{4}*15!*2^4$ ways = $4,393,785,876,480,000$ ways
$C_5$ =$5$ couples can sit together → $\binom{10}{5}*14!*2^5$ ways = $703,0 05,74 0,236,800$ ways
$C_6$ =$6$ couples can sit together → $\binom{10}{6}*13!*2^6$ ways = $83,691,159,552,000$ ways
$C_7$ =$7$ couples can sit together → $\binom{10}{7}*12!*2^7$ ways = $7,357,464,576,000$ ways
$C_8$ =$8$ couples can sit together → $\binom{10}{8}*11!*2^8$ ways = $459,841,536,000$ ways
$C_9$ =$9$ couples can sit together → $\binom{10}{9}*10!*2^9$ ways = $18,579,456,000$ ways
$C_{10}$ =$10$ couples can sit together → $\binom{10}{10}*9!*2^{10}$ ways = $371,589,120$ ways
According to the $Inclusion-exclusion\ principle$,
$Number\ of\ ways\ atleast\ 1\ couple\ sits\ together$
$=(1\ couple\ sits\ together)\ U\ (2\ couple\ sits\ together)\ U\ ....U\ (10\ couples\ sits\ together)$
$=C_1 - C_2+C_3-C_4+C_5-C_6+C_7-C_8+C_9-C_{10}$
$=(C_1 +C_3+C_5+C_7+C_9)-(C_2+C_4+C_6+C_8+C_{10})$
$= 148,843,734,191,308,800 - 68,501,674,306,437,120$
$=80,342,059,884,871,680$
$P(atleast\ 1\ couple\ sits\ together)$ = $\frac{80,342,059,884,871,680}{19!}$ = $\frac{80,342,059,884,871,680}{121,645,100,408,832,000}$ = $ 0.66046276928$
$P(no\ couple\ sits\ together) $ = $1-0.66046276928$=$0.33953723072$ Answer.