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Suppose that we have a production $A\rightarrow BCD$. Each of the four nonterminals $A, B, C,$ and $D$ have two attributes: $s$ is a synthesized attribute, and $i$ is an inherited attribute. For each of the sets of rules below, tell whether

  1. the rules are consistent with an S-attributed definition
  2. the rules are consistent with an L-attributed definition, and
  3. whether the rules are consistent with any evaluation order at all?

 

  1. $A.s=B.i+C.s.$
  2. $A.s=B.i+C.s$ and $D.i=A.i+B.s.$
  3. $A.s=B.s+D.s$
  4. $A.s=D.i,B.i=A.s+C.s,C.i=B.s,$ and $D.i=B.i+C.i.$ 
in Compiler Design by Veteran (52.9k points) | 15 views

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$A\rightarrow BCD$
a. $A.s=B.i+C.s$

    This is L attributed SDD. Attributes of parent node can take values from their children

b. $A.s=B.i+C.s,$ $D.i=A.i+B.s$

    A cannot have inherited attribute. Since, there is nothing present on the LHS of A. So this SDD is neither S attributed nor L attributed

c. $A.s=B.s+D.s$

    A's synthesized attribute is a function of synthesized attributes of its children. This confirms to S attributed definition. Every S attributed SDD is also L attributed SDD

d. $A.s=D.i,$ $B.i=A.s+C.s,$ $C.i=B.s,$ $D.i=B.i+C.i$

   In the rule B.i=A.s+C.s. Here B's inherited attributed is taking values from its right sibling C. This violates L-attributed definition which says that inherited attributes are limited to take values from its parents or left siblings only. Hence, this SDD is not L-attributed
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