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Write a program that demonstrates the effect of $TLB$ misses on the effective memory access time by measuring the per-access time it takes to stride through a large array.

  1. Explain the main concepts behind the program, and describe what you expect the output to show for some practical virtual memory architecture.
  2. Run the program on some computer and explain how well the data fit your expectations.
  3. Repeat part $(b)$ but for an older computer with a different architecture and explain any major differences in the output.
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