The same question asked as NAT type in GATE CS 2016.

Reference: https://gateoverflow.in/39634/gate2016-1-05

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Two eigenvalues of a $3\times3$ real matrix $P$ are $(2+ \sqrt-1)$ and $3$. The determinant of $P$ is ________.

- $0$
- $1$
- $15$
- $-1$

The same question asked as NAT type in GATE CS 2016.

Reference: https://gateoverflow.in/39634/gate2016-1-05

1

4 votes

Eigen values always occur in conjugate pairs.So all the 3 roots will be 2+i,2-i,3. Determinant of P= product of eigen values=15

EDIT: It is wrong to say that “Eigen values always occur in conjugate pairs”. What makes them appear in conjugate pair is the fact that given matrix is a real matrix. Why?

It is because determinant of real matrix is a real number and the determinant is equal to product of all the eigen values.

$\lambda _{1}$$\lambda _{2}$$\lambda _{3}$$\lambda _{4}$….. = determinant

If determinant is real number only then the product $\lambda _{1}$$\lambda _{2}$$\lambda _{3}$$\lambda _{4}$… is forced to be a real number. This implies the number of imaginary eigen values should be even i.e. they must occur in pairs. Now why conjugate pairs? you can see that from this equation :- $\lambda$$=\frac{-b\pm \sqrt{b^{2}-4ac}}{2a}$

Therefore, since the matrix is real, the eigen values occur in pairs...and moreover in conjugate pairs. Hence third eigen value must be 2-i

EDIT: It is wrong to say that “Eigen values always occur in conjugate pairs”. What makes them appear in conjugate pair is the fact that given matrix is a real matrix. Why?

It is because determinant of real matrix is a real number and the determinant is equal to product of all the eigen values.

$\lambda _{1}$$\lambda _{2}$$\lambda _{3}$$\lambda _{4}$….. = determinant

If determinant is real number only then the product $\lambda _{1}$$\lambda _{2}$$\lambda _{3}$$\lambda _{4}$… is forced to be a real number. This implies the number of imaginary eigen values should be even i.e. they must occur in pairs. Now why conjugate pairs? you can see that from this equation :- $\lambda$$=\frac{-b\pm \sqrt{b^{2}-4ac}}{2a}$

Therefore, since the matrix is real, the eigen values occur in pairs...and moreover in conjugate pairs. Hence third eigen value must be 2-i