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The majority function is a Boolean function $f(x, y, z)$ that takes the value 1 whenever a majority of the variables $x,y,z$ are 1. In the circuit diagram for the majority function shown below, the logic gates for the boxes labeled P and Q are, respectively, 1. XOR, AND
2. XOR, XOR
3. OR, OR
4. OR, AND

edited | 3.7k views
+28

(D) is the correct choice! +1
unable to understand the solution to this question

Given expression:

$xP+\bar{x}Q=f$

Or, $x(y \: op_1 \: z) + \bar{x}(y \: op_2 \: z) = f \quad \to (1)$

$${\begin{array}{|c|c|c|c|}\hline\\ \textbf{X}& \textbf{Y}& \textbf{Z}&\bf{ Output(f)}\\\hline 0&0&0&0 \\\hline 0&0&1&0\\ \hline 0&1&0&0 \\ \hline 0&1&1&1\\ \hline 1&0&0& 0 \\ \hline 1&0&1&1 \\ \hline 1&1&0& 1 \\ \hline 1&1&1&1\\ \hline \end{array}}\qquad{\begin{array}{|c|c|c|c|c|}\hline\\ \textbf{x\\yz}& \textbf{00}& \textbf{01}&\bf{ 11}& \textbf{10} \\\hline 0&...&...&1&... \\\hline ...&...&1&1&1\\ \hline \end{array}}$$

$f \implies xz+xy+yz$

$\quad \implies xz+xy+(x+\bar{x})yz$

$\quad \implies xz+xy+xyz+\bar{x}yz$

$\quad \implies x(z+y+yz)+\bar{x}yz$

$\quad \implies x[z+y(1+z)]+\bar{x}(y \bullet z)$

$\quad \implies x(z+y) + \bar{x}(y \bullet z) \quad \to (2)$

Comparing $(1)$ and $(2)$ we get,

$OP_1 = + (OR)$

$OP_2 = \bullet (AND)$

Correct Answer: $D$

edited
0
Why not OR OR?
0
Check Now...i have given answer in details
0 I tried with OR OR and I'm getting f as majority too. Where am I wrong?

+3
The requirement was when the number of 1 is high only then F will be "1".

In your case , you are getting F as 1 even for 001 & 010. Where number of 1 is less than number of 0. Each having two zeros.
+1
Oh.

Thanks.
+1
It should  be select as a best answer :)
0
Thank You
0

why xP+x¯Q=f

why not x¯P+xQ=f

+1
the conventions are mentioned in the figure
Ans : D) OR,AND

This is because the value of 'f' should be 1 whenever a majority of the variables is 1. If we select x as '1' , the either of z or y or both z& y needs to be 1 for the output 'f' to be '1'

The output can be low only if less than 2 variables are high. ie.atleast 2 variables are low. hence z & y should be 0. therefore AND gates can be used.
+1
+10

The simplest method, no need to go for wasting time in k-map.

The function is 1 only when the majority is one, it means in function f(x,y,z) at least two var. must be 1.

 X Y Z f(x,y,z) 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1

now observe from the given mux and the above table:

when x = 1, in order to get f(x,y,z) = 1, there must be OR between y and z.

when x == 0, in order to get f(x,y,z) = 1, there must be AND between y and z.

+1 vote

Here when x=0 we get Q operator and when x=1 we get P operator.

So looking to the truth table in below image: we can see when x=0 yz do AND operation and when x=1 yz do OR operation.
So P is OR gate and Q is AND gate.