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The decimal value $0.5$ in IEEE single precision floating point representation has

1. fraction bits of $000\dots 000$ and exponent value of $0$
2. fraction bits of $000\dots 000$ and exponent value of $−1$
3. fraction bits of $100\dots 000$ and exponent value of $0$
4. no exact representation
retagged | 2.4k views
+1
But in case if u use explicit then option c

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Why denormalized representation not used here ??

With E = 0

(B) is the answer. IEEE 754 representation uses normalized representation when the exponent bits are all non zeroes and hence an implicit '1' is used before the decimal point.So, if mantissa is:

$0000..0$

Ut would be treated as:

$1.000..0$

and hence, the exponent need to be $-1$ for us to get $0.1$ which is the binary representation of $0.5.$

More into IEEE floating point representation:
http://steve.hollasch.net/cgindex/coding/ieeefloat.html

edited
+9
why didn't we used biasing here?

I mean to say saved exponent will be $127-1 = 126$
+16
@thor yes, exponent bits stored will be that of "126", but question asks for the value and it is of "-1".
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Nice explaination .... Thank you
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I think Biasing has been done here because we have to add the bias value to 1 that will make it 127 +1 (128) and In IEEE floating point representation Exponent is stored in 2's complement representation (continuous run of 8 One's) and its value is -1
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Why denormalized representation not used here ??

With E = 0

In IEEE biasing of exponent is must.

Step 1: decimal 0.5 --> binary 0.1

Step 2: normalize binary 0.1 --> 1.0 * 2-1

Step 3: exponent -1 + 127 = 126 = binary 01111110

Step 4: remove hidden digit from 1.0 --> 0 (1 is implicit in IEEE representation)

Step 5: 0.5 is positive - the sign bit is zero: 0

The next eight bits are the exponent: 01111110

The next 23 bits are the mantissa: 000000000000000000000

Binary result (32 bits): 10111111000000000000000000000000

I think there is something wrong with the question. Arjun Sir, please explain.

edited
+1
Question did not ask for the "exponent bits" but its value. So, "-1" is enough.
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Thank You so much sir.
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sign bit is 0 so firt bit(MSB) in ur ans must be 0 i.e 00111111000000000000000000000000

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