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Right triangle $PQR$ is to be constructed in the $xy$ - plane so that the right angle is at $P$ and line $PR$ is parallel to the $x$-axis. The $x$ and $y$ coordinates of $P, Q,$ and $R$ are to be integers that satisfy the inequalities: $−4\leq x\leq 5$ and $6 \leq y \leq16.$ How many different triangles could be constructed with these properties?

- $110$
- $1,100$
- $9,900$
- $10,000$

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Best answer

Here $PR$ is parallel to $x-$axis so $y-$ coordinate of vertex $P$ and $R$ would always be the same.

For ex- If $P= (-1, \textbf{7})$ then $R=( 2, \textbf{7})$ or $(5, \textbf{7})$

So total number of possible $x-$ coordinate of $P$ and $R$ for a particular $y$ $( -4\leq x \leq 5) = {}^{10}P_2 = 90.$

Similarly, for $11$ different $y-$ coordinates, total coordinates of $P$ and $R = 11 \times 90 = 990.$

Now since, its a right angle at $P$ so vertex $Q$ has same $x$-coordinate as $P.$ So total possible coordinates for vertex $Q ( 6\leq y\leq 16) = {}^{10}C_1= 10.$

For ex- If $P= (\textbf{-1}, 7) $ then $Q= ( \textbf{-1}, 8)$ or $( \textbf{-1}, 16)$ but not $(\textbf{-1}, 7).$

Total number of triangles $= 10 * 990 = 9900$

Ans- C

For ex- If $P= (-1, \textbf{7})$ then $R=( 2, \textbf{7})$ or $(5, \textbf{7})$

So total number of possible $x-$ coordinate of $P$ and $R$ for a particular $y$ $( -4\leq x \leq 5) = {}^{10}P_2 = 90.$

Similarly, for $11$ different $y-$ coordinates, total coordinates of $P$ and $R = 11 \times 90 = 990.$

Now since, its a right angle at $P$ so vertex $Q$ has same $x$-coordinate as $P.$ So total possible coordinates for vertex $Q ( 6\leq y\leq 16) = {}^{10}C_1= 10.$

For ex- If $P= (\textbf{-1}, 7) $ then $Q= ( \textbf{-1}, 8)$ or $( \textbf{-1}, 16)$ but not $(\textbf{-1}, 7).$

Total number of triangles $= 10 * 990 = 9900$

Ans- C

for more clarity add this also. there 11 ( 6 to 16) points in y coordinate to choose for Q still we are using 10C1 because we are leaving the one y coordinate point which has been chosen for P and R , otherwise we will not be able to draw triangle , it will form a straight line in same P,R,Q Y coordinate case.

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