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+13 votes

Consider the following languages:

  • $L1=\left\{ww \mid w \in \{a,b\}^*\right\}$
  • $L2=\left\{ww^R \mid w \in \{a,b\}^*, w^R \text{ is the reverse of w} \right\}$
  • $L3=\left\{0^{2i} \mid \text{ i is an integer} \right\}$
  • $L4= \left\{ 0^{i^2} \mid \text{ i is an integer} \right\}$

Which of the languages are regular?

  1. Only $L1$ and $L2$
  2. Only $L2, L3$ and $L4$
  3. Only $L3$ and $L4$
  4. Only $L3$
asked in Theory of Computation by Veteran (59.9k points)
edited by | 1.8k views

4 Answers

+16 votes
Best answer
$L1=\{ww \mid w \in \{a,b\}^*\}\qquad$CSL

$L2=\{ww^R \mid w \in \{a,b\}^*,w^R \text{ is the reverse of w}\}\qquad$Palindrome, so CFL

$L3=\{0^{2i} \mid i \text{ is an integer}\}\qquad$Linear power and regular expression can be stated as $(00)^*$

$L4=\{0^{i^2} \mid i \text{ is an integer}\}\qquad$Non-linear power, so CSL

Therefore, answer is option D.
answered by Boss (16.2k points)
edited by
As I tis given that set of strings in L3 will be does it behave for negative numbers?
What about negative no  in integers
+4 votes

L1 -> This is CSL

L2 -> This is CFL.

L3 -> This is regular. Regular expression (00)*

L4 -> This is CSL.

Answer -> D

answered by Boss (43.6k points)
+1 vote
ans is D. only L3 is regular
answered by Loyal (8.1k points)
Plz explain how L3 is regular..?
0 votes

L1, L2 are not Regular because we can't compare strings in Finite Automata. L1 is CSL, L2 is CFL

L3 is Regular because strings generated by L3 are even no of 0's.

L4 is not Regular because we can't design FA.

answered by Junior (737 points)

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