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The following C function takes a singly-linked list of integers as a parameter and rearranges the elements of the list. The function is called with the list containing the integers 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 in the given order. What will be the contents of the list after the function completes execution?

struct node {
int value;
struct node *next;
};
void rearrange (struct node *list) {
struct node *p, *q;
int temp;
if (!list || !list -> next) return;
p = list; q = list -> next;
while (q) {
temp = p -> value; p -> value = q -> value;
q -> value = temp; p = q;
q = p ? p -> next : 0;
}
}
1. 2,1,3,4,5,6,7
2. 2,1,4,3,6,5,7
3. 1,3,2,5,4,7,6
4. 2,3,4,5,6,7,1

### 1 comment

......

Compare both the programs below with the marker =>

A).

struct node {int value; struct node *next;);
void rearrange (struct node *list) {
struct node *p, *q;
int temp;
if (!list || !list -> next) return;
p = list; q = list -> next;
while (q) {
temp = p -> value;
p -> value = q -> value;
q -> value = temp;
p = q -> next;
q = p ? p -> next : 0;
}
}

Clearly, swapping is being done so output for this is 2, 1 ,4 ,3, 6 ,5, 7

B).

struct node {
int value;
struct node *next;
};
void rearrange (struct node *list) {
struct node *p, *q;
int temp;
if (!list || !list -> next) return;
p = list; q = list -> next;
while (q) {
temp = p -> value; p -> value = q -> value;
q -> value = temp;
p = q;
q = p ? p -> next : 0;
}
}

Clearly, again swapping is being done, but in a different way. Output is 2,3,4,5,6,7,1 .

by

### 1 comment

what is the significance of this line

q = p ? p -> next : 0;

shouldn't it be a (q==p? p--> next : return 0;)