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$Q_1 \Rightarrow$ For synthesized attribute, value is only computed when symbol is on the _____ side of production. For inherited attribute, value is computed in productions where symbol is on the _____ side.

$1.$ Left, Right   $2.$ Right, Right    $3.$ Right, Left     $4.$ Left, Left

$Q_2 \Rightarrow$ In static scoping undefined variable

$a).$ Search in upper block
$b).$ Search where the function is called
$c).$ Refers to global variable
$d).$ None of these

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@mcjoshi @Kapil

Q2. D is the Ans
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Okkk !

@mcjoshi, what is the answer provided by them ?
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Option (C). Refers to Global variable
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Any reason for that ?
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No solution given.
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If undefined variable referred to global variable (int a)then that variable never called as undefined variable.

If the question would asked wrt to static scoping  .if a variable is referred and u want to find its scope Then:~)if we can't find its scope in local then we move ancestor blocks gradually and if we fail to find there also we last take the defined global variable.
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answer for first is "a"

explain pls

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what synthesized says

Left side take prodution take value from right side of pruction

E.value →→ E.num + Enum

here value is synthesizes attribute. value is calculate based on num.

what inherited says

right side take prodution take value from right side of pruction

E.num →→ E.value + Ecount

here count is inherited  attribute. value(inherited) takes values from num and count . count take values from value and num .

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same thing also told in prashant  comment. But m not getting

Left side take prodution take value from right side of production

pls give some examples

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I simply copppied his comment :

Left side take production take value from right side of production

E.value (Left side) → E.num + Enum  (Right side)

here value is synthesizes attribute. value is calculate based on num.

Now got it

Q2. Ans. Option D

Undefined Variable:->>  variable that is accessed in the code but has not been previously declared by that code.

In any scoping result will produce compilation error for undefined variables.

Note:->C uses static(lexical) scoping.

Ex:-foo.c
int main()
{
int y = x;//here x is used without declaration so called undefined variable.
return 0;
}
foo.c: In function main':
foo.c:2: error: x' undeclared (first use in this function)
foo.c:2: error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
foo.c:2: error: for each function it appears in.)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Undefined_variable#C

Another Example

//const int b = 5;

int foo() {
int a = b + 5;
printf("%d",a);
}

int bar() {
int b = 2;
return foo();
}

int main()
{
foo();
bar();
return 0;
}

O/P of Static Scoping :->> Compiler error 'b' is undeclared.

If we remove first line comment then o/p:->> 10,10

by Boss (23.6k points)