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Four fair coins are tossed simultaneously. The probability that at least one head and one tail turn up is

1. $\frac{1}{16}$
2. $\frac{1}{8}$
3. $\frac{7}{8}$
4. $\frac{15}{16}$
+6

Total outcomes - 24  (Because 4 coins are tossed simultaneously and each coin has 2 outcomes-either head or tail)
Now out of this 16 outcomes, one will be all HHHH(all heads) and other will be all TTTT(all tails) rest 14 outcomes will have atleast one head and one tail.

So, probability, favourable events/total outcome

14/16 = 7/8

probability of getting all heads =$\dfrac{1}{16}$

probability of getting all tails =$\dfrac{1}{16}$

probability of getting at least one head and one tail $= 1 - \dfrac{1}{16} - \dfrac{1}{16} = \dfrac{7}{8}.$

edited
0
nice bro, we can also solve it using tree method

Total outcomes - 24  (Because 4 coins are tossed simultaneously and each coin has 2 outcomes-either head or tail)
Now out of this 16 outcomes, one will be all HHHH(all heads) and other will be all TTTT(all tails) rest 14 outcomes will have atleast one head and one tail.

So, probability, favourable events/total outcome

14/16 = 7/8

If you didn't understand the methods above,

and q= P(tails) = 1/2

Requirement:

Using binomial distribution,

Required probability = $_{}^{4}\textrm{C}_{1} p^{1} q^{3} + {}^{4}\textrm{C}_{2} p^{2} q^{2} + {}^{4}\textrm{C}_{3} p^{3} q^{1}$

= $_{}^{4}\textrm{C}_{1} (1/2)^{1} (1/2)^{3} + {}^{4}\textrm{C}_{2} (1/2)^{2} (1/2)^{2} + {}^{4}\textrm{C}_{3} (1/2)^{3} (1/2)^{1}$

$= \frac{7}{8}$
–1 vote
1 head 3 tails =1/16 2 heads 2 tails =1/16 3 heads 1 tail =1/16 adding we get 3/16 where i am wrong anyone plz explain
+9

1 head 3 tails =1/16 * 4C1 = 1/4

2 heads 2 tails =1/16 *4C2 = 3/8

3 heads 1 tail =1/16 *4C3 = 1/4

–1 vote

by the formula p(x)=nCx*P^xq^(n-x)

p(atleast one tail)=p(x>=1)==1-p(x<1)=4C0*(1/2)^4=1-1/16=15/16

so

+2
number of probabilities of 4 coins = 2⁴ = 16

We have a formula that
P(x≥1)+P(y≥1)

= 1-(P(x<1)+P(y<1))

= 1-(P(x=0)+P(y=0))

= 1-((1/16)+(1/16))
= 1-(2/16)
= 7/8
0

Simplest Approach!

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