+24 votes
4.6k views

Consider three CPU-intensive processes, which require $10$, $20$ and $30$ time units and arrive at times $0$, $2$ and $6$, respectively. How many context switches are needed if the operating system implements a shortest remaining time first scheduling algorithm? Do not count the context switches at time zero and at the end.

1. $1$
2. $2$
3. $3$
4. $4$

edited | 4.6k views
0

@MiNiPanda

Please answer this comment :

https://gateoverflow.in/885/gate2006-06-isro2009-14?show=220079#a220079

## 3 Answers

+45 votes
Best answer

Processes execute as per the following Gantt chart

So, here only $2$ switching possible (when we did not consider the starting and ending switching )

now here might be confusion that at $t= 2 \ \ p1$ is preempted and check that available process have shortest job time or not, but he did not get anyone so it should not be consider as context switching.(same happened at $t=6$)

Reference: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/8997616/does-a-context-switch-occur-in-a-system-whose-ready-queue-has-only-one-process-a(thanks to anurag_s)

Answer is (B)

by Boss (17.2k points)
edited
–3

what about OS Scheduler Process

P1------>OS Scheduler--------->p2--------->OS scheduler--------->p3

and hence, Shouldn't there be 4 context switches?

0
4 in case of if we count both first and last context switching
0
Please just clear me... current process execution is finished and processor is going for another process is it a context switch? Is the cpu stores any context about the finished process?
+1

According to Galvin,

0

@tusharp

Here at time t=2 and t=6 context switch doesn't happens BUT preemption will be there right ?? as Scheduler will be loaded to decide which one load next ??

0
Can we say that in non preemptive scheduling if number of processes are n then number of Context switch will be n-1 if we exludee first and last ones?
+2

Please just clear me... current process execution is finished and processor is going for another process is it a context switch? Is the cpu stores any context about the finished process?

Yes, it's a context switch, because the state of the process will change to terminated and it'll be saved in the PCB

0
switching of cpu from one process to another(in any case) is context switch, be it preemption or process completion or I/O.
+1
+6 votes
Only two switches wil be required after process 1 and 2 complete.Option B.
by Active (3.3k points)
+2 votes

0

when execution of one process is completed and other process is scheduled , Is it called Context switch ?

I think , It is not Context switch, as according to wiki

In computing, a context switch is the process of storing the state of a process or of a thread, so that it can be restored and execution resumed from the same point later. This allows multiple processes to share a single CPU, and is an essential feature of a multitasking operating system.

As we are not storing results od earlier process for later execution. If there are any results produced by some operation within process or program , It is responsibility of program (or process when it running) to store them back.

For example : when C program to add two number gets converted to Assembly language code , It also has instruction to store result of addition back into memory.

Hence answer to this previous year gate question must be 0

by Loyal (5.3k points)
0
@Headshot I also had this doubt while solving but none of the options matched :/
Answer:

+27 votes
2 answers
2
+29 votes
5 answers
3