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Recent questions and answers in Mathematical Logic
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relation
A binary relation R on Z × Z is defined as follows: (a, b) R (c, d) iff a = c or b = d Consider the following propositions: 1. R is reflexive. 2. R is symmetric. 3. R is antisymmetric. Which one of the following statements is True? A Both 1 and 2 are true B 1 is true and 2 is false C 1 is false and 3 is true D Both 2 and 3 are true
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Mathematical Logic
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UGCNETJune2019II8
Match ListI with ListII: ... (iv) (a)  (iv); (b)(i); (c)(iii); (d)  (ii) (a)  (iv); (b)(iii); (c)(i); (d)  (ii)
answered
Jul 7
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Mathematical Logic
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Lakshmikanta
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27
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ugcnetjune2019ii
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UGCNETJune2019II6
Which of the following is principal conjunctive normal form for $[(p\vee q)\wedge\ \neg p \rightarrow \neg q ]$ ? $p\vee \neg q$ $p \vee q $ $\neg p \vee q$ $\neg p \vee \neg\ q$
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Jul 7
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4
MadeEasy Test Series: Probability
How to get the idea that we have to use Binomial distribution or Hypergeometric Distribution. I know that if the probability is not changing(i.e with replacement) then we go Binomial otherwise Hypergeometric. But in question, it is not indicating ... So is there any by default approach that we have to use Binomial if nothing is a mention about a replacement.
answered
Jun 13
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Mathematical Logic
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vizzard110
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TIFR2017B6
Consider the First Order Logic (FOL) with equality and suitable function and relation symbols. Which of the following is FALSE? Partial orders cannot be axiomatized in FOL FOL has a complete proof system Natural numbers cannot be axiomatized in FOL Real numbers cannot be axiomatized in FOL Relational numbers cannot be axiomatized in FOL
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Jun 8
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Mathematical Logic
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Arjun
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6
GATE198814i
Consider the following wellformed formula: $\exists x \forall y [ \neg \: \exists z [ p (y, z) \wedge p (z, y) ] \equiv p(x,y)]$ Express the above wellformed formula in clausal form.
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Jun 7
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UGCNETDec2015II6
Which of the following arguments are not valid ? "If Gora gets the job and works hard, then he will be promoted. if Gora gets promotion, then he will be happy. He will not be happy, therefore, either he will not get the job or he will not work hard." "Either Puneet is not ... $n^2 > 1$, then $n>1$. a and c b and c a,b, and c a and b
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Jun 6
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8
Mathematical Logic Ques:Self doubt
“Not every satisfiable logic is valid” Representation of it will be $1)\sim \left ( \forall S(x)\rightarrow V(x) \right )$ or $2)\sim \left ( \forall S(x)\vee V(x) \right )$ Among $1)$ and $2)$, which one is correct? and why?
answered
Jun 4
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Mathematical Logic
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Satbir
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9
GATE200541
What is the first order predicate calculus statement equivalent to the following? "Every teacher is liked by some student" $∀(x)\left[\text{teacher}\left(x\right) → ∃(y) \left[\text{student}\left(y\right) → \text{likes}\left(y,x\right)\right]\right]$ ...
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Jun 3
in
Mathematical Logic
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10
Doubt on GATE Question
Read the statements: All women are entrepreneurs. Some women are doctors. Which of the following conclusions can be logically inferred from the above statements? All women are doctors All doctors are entrepreneurs All entrepreneurs are women Some entrepreneurs are doctors ... Is it because , if we make set of doctor as 0, then All doctors are entrepreneurs is meaningless.
answered
Jun 1
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Mathematical Logic
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Hirak
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11
Mathematical Logic: Doubt on meaning of statement
The notation $\exists ! x P(x)$ denotes the proposition there exists a unique $x$ such that $P(x)$ ... What will be answer here?? Is the assumption only for left hand side and not right hand side??
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May 31
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Mathematical Logic
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Satbir
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4
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TIFR2011A1
If either wages or prices are raised, there will be inflation. If there is inflation, then either the government must regulate it or the people will suffer. If the people suffer, the government will be unpopular. Government will not be unpopular. Which of the ... are not raised Prices are not raised If the inflation is not regulated, then the prices are not raised Wages are not raised
answered
May 31
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Mathematical Logic
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srestha
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13
TIFR2010A4
If the bank receipt is forged, then Mr. M is liable. If Mr. M is liable, he will go bankrupt. If the bank will loan him money, he will not go bankrupt. The bank will loan him money. Which of the following can be concluded from the above statements? Mr. M is liable The receipt is not forged Mr. M will go bankrupt The bank will go bankrupt None of the above
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May 31
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Mathematical Logic
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srestha
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14
Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 1.4 Question 47 (Page No. 56)
Establish these logical equivalences, where $x$ does not occur as a free variable in $A$. Assume that the domain is nonempty. $(\forall x P(x)) \wedge A \equiv \forall x (P(x) \wedge A)$ $(\exists x P(x)) \wedge A \equiv \exists x (P(x) \wedge A)$
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May 30
in
Mathematical Logic
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srestha
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15
Descrete Mathematic ACE Text Book Practice Question #16
A women's health clinic has four doctors and each patient is assigned to one of them. If a patient givs birth btween 8 am and 4 pm, then her chance of being attended by her assigned doctor is 3/4, otherwise it is 1/4. What is the probability that ... is attended by the assigned doctor when she gives birth? (A) 25/144 (B) 5/12 (C) 7/12 (D) 1/12
[closed]
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May 30
in
Mathematical Logic
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JAYKISHAN
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probability
acebooklet
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16
Proposition Logic Question
Are these propositions? 1.This sentence is true 2.This sentence is false Aren’t these liar paradox?
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May 30
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Mathematical Logic
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Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 1.2 Question 34 (Page No. 24)
Five friends have access to a chat room. Is it possible to determine who is chatting if the following information is known? Either Kevin or Heather, or both, are chatting. Either Randy or Vijay, but not both, are ... either both chatting or neither is. If Heather is chatting, then so are Abby and Kevin. Explain your reasoning.
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May 29
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Mathematical Logic
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ankitgupta.1729
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Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 1.2 Question 33 (Page No. 24)
Steve would like to determine the relative salaries of three coworkers using two facts. First, he knows that if Fred is not the highest paid of the three, then Janice is. Second, he knows that if Janice is not the lowest paid, ... and Janice from what Steve knows? If so, who is paid the most and who the least? Explain your reasoning.
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May 29
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ankitgupta.1729
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Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 1.2 Question 32 (Page No. 23)
The police have three suspects for the murder of Mr. Cooper: Mr. Smith, Mr Jones, Mr. Williams. Smith Jones, and Williams each declare that they did not kill Cooper. Smith also states that Cooper was friend of Jones and that ... telling the truth, but the statements of the guilty man may or may not b true? innocent men do not lie?
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May 29
in
Mathematical Logic
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ankitgupta.1729
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20
Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 1.2 Question 23 (Page No. 23)
Relate to inhabitants of the island of knights and knaves created by Smullyan, where knights always tell the truth and knaves always lie. You encounter two people, $A$ and $B$. Determine, if possible, what $A$ and $B$ are if ... what these people are, can you draw any conclusions? $A$ says We are both knaves and $B$ says nothing.
answered
May 28
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Mathematical Logic
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ankitgupta.1729
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21
Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 1.2 Question 22 (Page No. 23)
Relate to inhabitants of the island of knights and knaves created by Smullyan, where knights always tell the truth and knaves always lie. You encounter two people, $A$ and $B$. Determine, if possible, what $A$ and $B$ are if they ... determine what these people are, can you draw any conclusions ? Both $A$ and $B$ say I am a knight.
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May 28
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ankitgupta.1729
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22
Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 1.2 Question 20 (Page No. 23)
relate to inhabitants of the island of knights and knaves created by Smullyan, where knights always tell the truth always lie. You encounter two people. A and B. Determine, if possible, what A and B are if they address you in the ways ... can you draw any conclusions? A says The two of us are both knights and B says A is knave.
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May 28
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Mathematical Logic
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ankitgupta.1729
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23
Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 1.2 Question 19 (Page No. 23)
Relate to inhabitants of the island of knights and knaves created by Smullyan, where knights always tell the truth and knaves always lie. You encounter two people, $A$ and $B$. Determine, if possible, what $A$ and $B$ are if they address ... can you draw any conclusions ? $A$ says At least one of us is a knave and $B$ says nothing.
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May 28
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Mathematical Logic
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ankitgupta.1729
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Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 1.2 Question 17 (Page No. 23)
When three professors are seated in a restaurant, the hostess asks them: Does everyone want coffee ? The first professor says: I do not know. The second professor then says: I do not know. Finally, the third ... The hostess comes back and gives coffee to the professors who want it. How did she figure out who wanted coffee?
answered
May 28
in
Mathematical Logic
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ankitgupta.1729
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25
Self DoubtLA
In a nonhomogeneous equation Ax = b, x has a unique solution when $A^{1}$ exists i.e x = $A^{1}$b but when det(A) = 0 then we have infinite solution or many solution. please give a mathematical explanation of how the 2nd statement occurs?
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May 26
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MRINMOY_HALDER
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linearalgebra
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26
Self Doubt:Mathematical Logic
Represent these two statement in first order logic: $A)$ Only Alligators eat humans $B)$ Every Alligator eats humans Is Every represents $\equiv \exists$ and Only represents $\equiv \forall$ ?? Can we differentiate it with verb ‘eat’ and ‘eats’??
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May 18
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srestha
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27
self doubt consistency and satisfiability
how can we link consistency and satisfiability ? are they bidirectional? plz help
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May 10
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consistency
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28
Discrete mathematics and its application 7th ed  Kenneth H. Rosen
Do i have to study the whole chapter Logics and Proofs in Discrete mathematics and its applications by Kenneth H. Rosen if not upto which portion should i study.
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May 1
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29
Made Easy Test Series:Discrete MathMathematical Logic
Consider the following first order logic statement $I)\forall x\forall yP\left ( x,y \right )$ $II)\forall x\exists yP\left ( x,y \right )$ $III)\exists x\exists yP\left ( x,y \right )$ $III)\exists x\forall yP\left ( x,y \right )$ Which one ... true , then $III),IV)$ is true $B)$ If $IV)$ is true , then $II),III)$ is true $C)$ None of these
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Apr 27
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srestha
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self doubt about maths practice
Where can i find only maths PYQ all branches . for practice ?
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Apr 26
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gaurav1.yuva
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427
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0
votes
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31
Discrete Mathematics [Self Doubt]
Is this statement valid: $(\exists x(P(x)\rightarrow Q(x)) )\rightarrow (\exists xP(x)\rightarrow \exists xQ(x))$
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Apr 14
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firstorderlogic
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32
GATE 1992
How is option (a) correct? Isn’t Universal quantifier not distributive over union/disjunction. Source: https://cse.buffalo.edu/~rapaport/191/distqfroverandor.html
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Apr 14
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discretemathematics
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linear programming
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0
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34
Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 2.3 Question 51 (Page No. 154)
Show that if $x$ is a real number and $n$ is an integer, then $x<n$ if and only if $\left \lfloor x \right \rfloor < n$ $n<x$ if and only if $ n<=\left \lfloor x \right \rfloor $
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Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 2.3 Question 11 (Page No. 153)
Determine whether each of these functions form $[a,b,c,d]$ to itself is onto? $f(a)=b, f(b)=a,f(c)=c,f(d)=d$ $f(a)=b, f(b)=b,f(c)=d,f(d)=c$ $f(a)=d, f(b)=b,f(c)=c,f(d)=d$
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Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 2.1 Question 16 (Page No. 126)
Use a Venn diagram to illustrate the relationships $A \subset B$ and $ A \subset C.$
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Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 2.1 Question 9 (Page No. 125)
Determine whether each of these statements is true or false. $0$ $ \epsilon$ $\phi$ $\phi$ $\epsilon$ {$0$} {$0$} $ \subset$ {$ \phi$} $\phi$ $\subset$ {$0$} {$0$} $\epsilon$ {$0$} {$0$} $\subset$ {$0$} {$\phi$} $\subseteq$ {$\phi$}
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DDA Direct Recruitment 2019  Asst. System Director
Which of the following gives the predicate logic representation of the sentence Ram was a man ? Ram $\rightarrow$ man $\forall x:$ Ram (x) $\rightarrow$ man (x) Man (Ram) Man $\rightarrow$ Ram I have marked option ... I want to raise an objection to this answer. Kindly provide a reliable source which confirms the correct answer for this question.
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Apr 5
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zeeshanmohnavi
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39
Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 1.7 Question 42 (Page No. 92)
Prove that these four statements about the integer $n$ are equivalent: $n^2$is odd, $1−n$ is even, $n^3$ is odd, $n^2+1$ is even.
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Kenneth Rosen Edition 7th Exercise 1.7 Question 41 (Page No. 92)
Prove that if $n$ is an integer, these four statements are equivalent: $n$ is even, $n+1$ is odd, $3n+1$isodd, $3n$ is even.
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