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Recent questions and answers in Probability

1 vote
2 answers
1
An airline operates a flight having 50 seats. As they expect some passenger to not show up, they overbook the flight by selling 51 tickets. The probability that an individual passenger will not show up is 0.01, independent of all other tourists. Each ticket costs Rs ... not available, the airline has to pay a compensation of Rs.1lakh to that passenger. What is the expected revenue of the airline?
answered 11 hours ago in Probability susmit600 221 views
23 votes
6 answers
2
Aishwarya studies either computer science or mathematics everyday. If she studies computer science on a day, then the probability that she studies mathematics the next day is $0.6$. If she studies mathematics on a day, then the probability that she studies computer science the next day is ... Monday, what is the probability that she studies computer science on Wednesday? $0.24$ $0.36$ $0.4$ $0.6$
answered 4 days ago in Probability Surya_Dev Chaturvedi 3.6k views
29 votes
11 answers
3
Suppose we uniformly and randomly select a permutation from the $20 !$ permutations of $1, 2, 3\ldots ,20.$ What is the probability that $2$ appears at an earlier position than any other even number in the selected permutation? $\left(\dfrac{1}{2} \right)$ $\left(\dfrac{1}{10}\right)$ $\left(\dfrac{9!}{20!}\right)$ None of these
answered Jan 9 in Probability reboot 7.2k views
3 votes
2 answers
4
If the mean of a normal frequency distribution of 1000 items is 25 and its standard deviation is 2.5, then its maximum ordinate is $\frac{1000}{\sqrt{2 \pi} } e^{-25}$ $\frac{1000}{\sqrt{2 \pi} }$ $\frac{1000}{\sqrt{2 \pi} } e^{-2.5}$ $\frac{400}{\sqrt{2 \pi} }$
answered Jan 9 in Probability reboot 2.3k views
4 votes
2 answers
5
0 votes
2 answers
6
1 vote
2 answers
7
In four tests taken by 450 students, marks are found to be normally distributed with mean and variance as given below Test Id Mean Variance 1 74 121 2 75 100 3 78 196 4 82 169 A has secured 80 in the first test, 81 in the second, 86 in the third and 89 in the fourth. In which test did A actually perform best relative to other students. (A)Fourth Test (B)Third Test (C)Second Test (D)First Test
answered Jan 9 in Probability reboot 409 views
13 votes
2 answers
8
Suppose a box contains 20 balls: each ball has a distinct number in $\left\{1,\ldots,20\right\}$ written on it. We pick 10 balls (without replacement) uniformly at random and throw them out of the box. Then we check if the ball with number $``1"$ on it is present in the box. If it is ... that the ball with number $``2"$ on it is present in the box? $9/20$ $9/19$ $1/2$ $10/19$ None of the above
answered Jan 8 in Probability reboot 1.1k views
39 votes
8 answers
9
An unbalanced dice (with $6$ faces, numbered from $1$ to $6$) is thrown. The probability that the face value is odd is $90\%$ of the probability that the face value is even. The probability of getting any even numbered face is the same. If the probability that the face is ... one of the following options is closest to the probability that the face value exceeds $3$? $0.453$ $0.468$ $0.485$ $0.492$
answered Jan 8 in Probability reboot 6.7k views
25 votes
4 answers
10
What is the probability that in a randomly chosen group of $r$ people at least three people have the same birthday? $1-\dfrac{365-364 \dots (365-r+1)}{365^{r}}$ ... $\dfrac{365 \cdot 364 \dots (365-r+1)}{365^{r}}$
answered Jan 8 in Probability reboot 4k views
0 votes
3 answers
11
Please explain how $P(A ∩ B) = P(A)P(B)$? If $A$ and $B$ are independent.
answered Jan 7 in Probability reboot 167 views
1 vote
1 answer
12
Roll a die, then select at random, without replacement, as many cards from the deck as the number shown on the die. What is the probability that you get at least one Ace?
answered Jan 7 in Probability reboot 121 views
1 vote
1 answer
13
Q32 [Mock 4]. Naveen's coin box contains 8 fair standard coins (heads and tails) and 1 coin which has heads on both sides. He selects a coin randomly and flips it 4 times, getting all heads. If he flips this coin again, what is the probability it will be heads? 1/3 2/3 ... )*(1/2)+(1/9)*(1) Probability of choosing fair coin and P(heads)+ P(unfair)*P(heads). Please help me understand this question.
answered Jan 7 in Probability reboot 438 views
56 votes
12 answers
15
Suppose a fair six-sided die is rolled once. If the value on the die is $1, 2,$ or $3,$ the die is rolled a second time. What is the probability that the sum total of values that turn up is at least $6$ ? $\dfrac{10}{21}$ $\dfrac{5}{12}$ $\dfrac{2}{3}$ $\dfrac{1}{6}$
answered Dec 31, 2020 in Probability neel19 11.2k views
18 votes
4 answers
16
Assume that you are flipping a fair coin, i.e. probability of heads or tails is equal. Then the expected number of coin flips required to obtain two consecutive heads for the first time is. $4$ $3$ $6$ $10$ $5$
answered Dec 19, 2020 in Probability StoneHeart 2.8k views
11 votes
4 answers
17
The probability of three consecutive heads in four tosses of a fair coin is. $\left(\dfrac{1}{4}\right)$ $\left(\dfrac{1}{8}\right)$ $\left(\dfrac{1}{16}\right)$ $\left(\dfrac{3}{16}\right)$ $\text{None of the above.}$
answered Dec 19, 2020 in Probability StoneHeart 1.2k views
20 votes
6 answers
18
For each element in a set of size $2n$, an unbiased coin is tossed. The $2n$ coin tosses are independent. An element is chosen if the corresponding coin toss was a head. The probability that exactly $n$ elements are chosen is $\frac{^{2n}\mathrm{C}_n}{4^n}$ $\frac{^{2n}\mathrm{C}_n}{2^n}$ $\frac{1}{^{2n}\mathrm{C}_n}$ $\frac{1}{2}$
answered Dec 19, 2020 in Probability StoneHeart 4k views
25 votes
3 answers
19
Seven (distinct) car accidents occurred in a week. What is the probability that they all occurred on the same day? $\dfrac{1}{7^7}\\$ $\dfrac{1}{7^6}\\$ $\dfrac{1}{2^7}\\$ $\dfrac{7}{2^7}\\$
answered Dec 18, 2020 in Probability motab 7.2k views
45 votes
2 answers
20
Suppose you break a stick of unit length at a point chosen uniformly at random. Then the expected length of the shorter stick is ________ .
answered Dec 15, 2020 in Probability Ashley Varghese Joy 9.1k views
1 vote
1 answer
21
After your complaint about their service, a representative of an insurance company promised to call you "between $7$ and $9$ this evening." Assume that this means that the time $T$ of the call is uniformly distributed in the specified interval. (c) Assume that you know in advance ... . Let $M$ be the amount of time of the show that you miss because of th call. Compute the expected value of $M$.
answered Dec 8, 2020 in Probability taran97 147 views
44 votes
4 answers
22
Consider an undirected random graph of eight vertices. The probability that there is an edge between a pair of vertices is $\dfrac{1}{2}.$ What is the expected number of unordered cycles of length three? $\dfrac {1}{8}$ $1$ $7$ $8$
answered Dec 5, 2020 in Probability StoneHeart 9.6k views
12 votes
7 answers
23
Box $P$ has $2$ red balls and $3$ blue balls and box $Q$ has $3$ red balls and $1$ blue ball. A ball is selected as follows: (i) select a box (ii) choose a ball from the selected box such that each ball in the box is equally likely to be chosen. The probabilities of selecting boxes ... the probability that it came from the box $P$ is: $\dfrac{4}{19}$ $\dfrac{5}{19}$ $\dfrac{2}{9}$ $\dfrac{19}{30}$
answered Dec 5, 2020 in Probability StoneHeart 2.7k views
27 votes
6 answers
24
Suppose that a shop has an equal number of LED bulbs of two different types. The probability of an LED bulb lasting more than $100$ hours given that it is of Type $1$ is $0.7$, and given that it is of Type $2$ is $0.4$. The probability that an LED bulb chosen uniformly at random lasts more than $100$ hours is _________.
answered Dec 5, 2020 in Probability Asim Siddiqui 4 4.5k views
20 votes
9 answers
25
A random bit string of length n is constructed by tossing a fair coin n times and setting a bit to 0 or 1 depending on outcomes head and tail, respectively. The probability that two such randomly generated strings are not identical is: $\frac{1}{2^n}$ $1 - \frac{1}{n}$ $\frac{1}{n!}$ $1 - \frac{1}{2^n}$
answered Dec 5, 2020 in Probability StoneHeart 3.6k views
26 votes
11 answers
26
You are given three coins: one has heads on both faces, the second has tails on both faces, and the third has a head on one face and a tail on the other. You choose a coin at random and toss it, and it comes up heads. The probability that the other face is tails is $\dfrac{1}{4}$ $\dfrac{1}{3}$ $\dfrac{1}{2}$ $\dfrac{2}{3}$
answered Dec 4, 2020 in Probability Asim Siddiqui 4 3.8k views
33 votes
3 answers
27
Let $X$ be a random variable following normal distribution with mean $+1$ and variance $4$. Let $Y$ be another normal variable with mean $-1$ and variance unknown. If $P (X ≤ -1) = P (Y ≥ 2)$ , the standard deviation of $Y$ is $3$ $2$ $\sqrt{2}$ $1$
answered Dec 3, 2020 in Probability deone 8.4k views
17 votes
3 answers
28
Let $f(x)$ be the continuous probability density function of a random variable $x$, the probability that $a < x \leq b$, is : $f(b-a)$ $f(b) - f(a)$ $\int\limits_a^b f(x) dx$ $\int\limits_a^b xf (x)dx$
answered Nov 13, 2020 in Probability varunrajarathnam 4.2k views
17 votes
6 answers
29
Two $n$ bit binary strings, $S_1$ and $S_2$ are chosen randomly with uniform probability. The probability that the Hamming distance between these strings (the number of bit positions where the two strings differ) is equal to $d$ is $\dfrac{^{n}C_{d}}{2^{n}}$ $\dfrac{^{n}C_{d}}{2^{d}}$ $\dfrac{d}{2^{n}}$ $\dfrac{1}{2^{d}}$
answered Nov 7, 2020 in Probability varunrajarathnam 3.5k views
2 votes
1 answer
30
If $f(x)=k$ exp, $\{ -(9x^2-12x+13)\}$, is a $p, d, f$ of a normal distribution ($k$, being a constant), the mean and standard deviation of the distribution: $\mu = \frac{2}{3}, \sigma = \frac{1}{3 \sqrt{2}}$ $\mu = 2, \sigma = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}$ $\mu = \frac{1}{3}, \sigma = \frac{1}{3 \sqrt{2}}$ $\mu = \frac{2}{3}, \sigma = \frac{1}{ \sqrt{3}}$
answered Oct 27, 2020 in Probability Kumar1712 366 views
10 votes
2 answers
31
Given 10 tosses of a coin with probability of head = .$4$ = ($1$ - the probability of tail), the probability of at least one head is? $(.4)^{10}$ $1 - (.4)^{10}$ $1 - (.6)^{10}$ $(.6)^{10}$ $10(.4) (.6)^{9}$
answered Oct 12, 2020 in Probability manish_pal_sunny 1k views
1 vote
2 answers
32
If a random coin is tossed $11$ times, then what is the probability that for $7$th toss head appears exactly $4$ times? $5/32$ $15/128$ $35/128$ None of the options
answered Sep 28, 2020 in Probability sda 328 views
0 votes
2 answers
33
1 vote
1 answer
34
If $A$ and $B$ are two related events, and $P(A \mid B)$ represents the conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem states that $P(A\mid B) = \dfrac{P(A)}{P(B)} P(B\mid A)$ $P(A\mid B) = P(A) P(B) P(B\mid A)$ $P(A\mid B) = \dfrac{P(A)}{P(B)}$ $P(A\mid B) = P(A)+P(B)$
asked Apr 2, 2020 in Probability Lakshman Patel RJIT 155 views
1 vote
2 answers
35
If $X, Y$ and $Z$ are three exhaustive and mutually exclusive events related with any experiment and the $P\left(X \right)=0.5P\left(Y \right)$ and $P\left(Z \right)$ = $0.3P\left(Y \right)$. Then $P\left(Y \right)$ = ___________ . $0.54$ $0.66$ $0.33$ $0.44$
asked Mar 31, 2020 in Probability Lakshman Patel RJIT 529 views
0 votes
2 answers
36
A box contains $10$ screws, $3$ of which are defective. Two screws are drawn at random with replacement. The probability that none of two screws is defective will be $100\%$ $50\%$ $49\%$ None of these.
asked Mar 31, 2020 in Probability Lakshman Patel RJIT 268 views
0 votes
1 answer
37
Following marks are obtained by the students in a test: $81,72,90,90,86,85,92,70,71,83,89,95,85,79,62$. Range of the marks is $9$ $17$ $27$ $33$
asked Mar 31, 2020 in Probability Lakshman Patel RJIT 124 views
1 vote
1 answer
38
1 vote
1 answer
39
A box contains six red balls and four green balls. Four balls are selected at random from the box. What is the probability that two of the selected balls are red and two are green ? $\large\frac{3}{7}$ $\large\frac{4}{7}$ $\large\frac{5}{7}$ $\large\frac{6}{7}$
asked Mar 28, 2020 in Probability jothee 206 views
6 votes
4 answers
40
Let $\mathcal{R}$ be the set of all binary relations on the set $\{1,2,3\}$. Suppose a relation is chosen from $\mathcal{R}$ at random. The probability that the chosen relation is reflexive (round off to $3$ decimal places) is ______.
asked Feb 12, 2020 in Probability Arjun 2.8k views
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