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Syllabus: Random variables, Uniform, Normal, Exponential, Poisson and Binomial distributions. Mean, median, mode and standard deviation. Conditional probability and Bayes theorem

$$\scriptsize{\overset{{\large{\textbf{Mark Distribution in Previous GATE}}}}{\begin{array}{|c|c|c|c|c|c|c|c|}\hline
\textbf{Year}&\textbf{2021-1}&\textbf{2021-2}&\textbf{2020}&\textbf{2019}&\textbf{2018}&\textbf{2017-1}&\textbf{2017-2}&\textbf{2016-1}&\textbf{2016-2}&\textbf{Minimum}&\textbf{Average}&\textbf{Maximum}
\\\hline\textbf{1 Mark Count}&1&1&0&2&1&1&0&1&1&0&0.88&2
\\\hline\textbf{2 Marks Count}&2&2&1&1&1&0&3&1&0&0&1.22&3
\\\hline\textbf{Total Marks}&5&5&2&4&3&1&6&3&1&\bf{1}&\bf{3.33}&\bf{6}\\\hline
\end{array}}}$$

Recent questions in Probability

4 votes
1 answer
1
For a given biased coin, the probability that the outcome of a toss is a head is $0.4$. This coin is tossed $1,000$ times. Let $X$ denote the random variable whose value is the number of times that head appeared in these $1,000$ tosses. The standard deviation of $X$ (rounded to $2$ decimal place) is _________
asked Feb 18 in Probability Arjun 835 views
5 votes
3 answers
2
In an examination, a student can choose the order in which two questions ($\textsf{QuesA}$ and $\textsf{QuesB}$) must be attempted. If the first question is answered wrong, the student gets zero marks. If the first question is answered correctly and the second question is not ... and then $\textsf{QuesA}$. Expected marks $22$. First $\textsf{QuesA}$ and then $\textsf{QuesB}$. Expected marks $16$.
asked Feb 18 in Probability Arjun 1k views
6 votes
4 answers
3
A bag has $r$ red balls and $b$ black balls. All balls are identical except for their colours. In a trial, a ball is randomly drawn from the bag, its colour is noted and the ball is placed back into the bag along with another ball of the same colour. Note that the number of balls in the bag will ...
asked Feb 18 in Probability Arjun 1.8k views
2 votes
2 answers
4
The lifetime of a component of a certain type is a random variable whose probability density function is exponentially distributed with parameter $2$. For a randomly picked component of this type, the probability that its lifetime exceeds the expected lifetime (rounded to $2$ decimal places) is ____________.
asked Feb 18 in Probability Arjun 1.1k views
1 vote
1 answer
5
Consider the two statements. $S_1:\quad$ There exist random variables $X$ and $Y$ such that $ \left(\mathbb E[(X-\mathbb E(X))(Y-\mathbb E(Y))]\right)^2>\textsf{Var}[X]\textsf{Var}[Y]$ $S_2:\quad$ For all random variables $X$ ... Both $S_1$ and $S_2$ are true $S_1$ is true, but $S_2$ is false $S_1$ is false, but $S_2$ is true Both $S_1$ and $S_2$ are false
asked Feb 18 in Probability Arjun 787 views
4 votes
2 answers
6
A sender $(\textsf{S})$ transmits a signal, which can be one of the two kinds: $H$ and $L$ with probabilities $0.1$ and $0.9$ respectively, to a receiver $(\textsf{R})$. In the graph below, the weight of edge $(u,v)$ is the probability of receiving $v$ ... $0.7$. If the received signal is $H,$ the probability that the transmitted signal was $H$ (rounded to $2$ decimal places) is __________.
asked Feb 18 in Probability Arjun 791 views
1 vote
1 answer
7
If $A$ and $B$ are two related events, and $P(A \mid B)$ represents the conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem states that $P(A\mid B) = \dfrac{P(A)}{P(B)} P(B\mid A)$ $P(A\mid B) = P(A) P(B) P(B\mid A)$ $P(A\mid B) = \dfrac{P(A)}{P(B)}$ $P(A\mid B) = P(A)+P(B)$
asked Apr 2, 2020 in Probability Lakshman Patel RJIT 283 views
0 votes
2 answers
8
1 vote
2 answers
9
If a random coin is tossed $11$ times, then what is the probability that for $7$th toss head appears exactly $4$ times? $5/32$ $15/128$ $35/128$ None of the options
asked Mar 31, 2020 in Probability Lakshman Patel RJIT 413 views
1 vote
2 answers
10
If $X, Y$ and $Z$ are three exhaustive and mutually exclusive events related with any experiment and the $P\left(X \right)=0.5P\left(Y \right)$ and $P\left(Z \right)$ = $0.3P\left(Y \right)$. Then $P\left(Y \right)$ = ___________ . $0.54$ $0.66$ $0.33$ $0.44$
asked Mar 31, 2020 in Probability Lakshman Patel RJIT 774 views
0 votes
2 answers
11
A box contains $10$ screws, $3$ of which are defective. Two screws are drawn at random with replacement. The probability that none of two screws is defective will be $100\%$ $50\%$ $49\%$ None of these.
asked Mar 31, 2020 in Probability Lakshman Patel RJIT 368 views
0 votes
1 answer
12
Following marks are obtained by the students in a test: $81,72,90,90,86,85,92,70,71,83,89,95,85,79,62$. Range of the marks is $9$ $17$ $27$ $33$
asked Mar 31, 2020 in Probability Lakshman Patel RJIT 174 views
1 vote
0 answers
13
2 votes
1 answer
14
A box contains six red balls and four green balls. Four balls are selected at random from the box. What is the probability that two of the selected balls are red and two are green ? $\large\frac{3}{7}$ $\large\frac{4}{7}$ $\large\frac{5}{7}$ $\large\frac{6}{7}$
asked Mar 28, 2020 in Probability jothee 353 views
8 votes
2 answers
15
For $n>2$, let $a \in \{0,1\}^n$ be a non-zero vector. Suppose that $x$ is chosen uniformly at random from $\{0,1\}^n$. Then, the probability that $\displaystyle{} \Sigma_{i=1}^n a_i x_i$ is an odd number is______________
asked Feb 12, 2020 in Probability Arjun 5.4k views
2 votes
1 answer
16
Suppose we toss $m=3$ labelled balls into $n=3$ numbered bins. Let $A$ be the event that the first bin is empty while $B$ be the event that the second bin is empty. $P(A)$ and $P(B)$ denote their respective probabilities. Which of the following is true? $P(A)>P(B)$ $P(A) = \dfrac{1}{27}$ $P(A)>P(A\mid B)$ $P(A)<P(A\mid B)$ None of the above
asked Feb 11, 2020 in Probability Lakshman Patel RJIT 331 views
0 votes
2 answers
17
In a certain year, there were exactly four Fridays and exactly four Mondays in January. On what day of the week did the $20^{th}$ of the January fall that year (recall that January has $31$ days)? Sunday Monday Wednesday Friday None of the others
asked Feb 10, 2020 in Probability Lakshman Patel RJIT 715 views
3 votes
2 answers
18
A lottery chooses four random winners. What is the probability that at least three of them are born on the same day of the week? Assume that the pool of candidates is so large that each winner is equally likely to be born on any of the seven days of the week independent of the other winners. ... $\dfrac{48}{2401} \\$ $\dfrac{105}{2401} \\$ $\dfrac{175}{2401} \\$ $\dfrac{294}{2401}$
asked Feb 10, 2020 in Probability Lakshman Patel RJIT 485 views
0 votes
0 answers
19
Fix $n\geq 4.$ Suppose there is a particle that moves randomly on the number line, but never leaves the set $\{1,2,\dots,n\}.$ Let the initial probability distribution of the particle be denoted by $\overrightarrow{\pi}.$ In the first step, if the particle is at position $i,$ it moves to one ... $i\neq 1$ $\overrightarrow{\pi}(n) = 1$ and $\overrightarrow{\pi}(i) = 0$ for $i\neq n$
asked Feb 10, 2020 in Probability Lakshman Patel RJIT 265 views
3 votes
2 answers
20
Two balls are drawn uniformly at random without replacement from a set of five balls numbered $1,2,3,4,5.$ What is the expected value of the larger number on the balls drawn? $2.5$ $3$ $3.5$ $4$ None of the above
asked Feb 10, 2020 in Probability Lakshman Patel RJIT 955 views
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