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Can some one please how to solve above integral using mentioned property or any other way?

in Calculus by Loyal (5.3k points) | 65 views

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$I = \int_{0}^{\pi}\frac{xsinx dx}{1+cos^2x}$

$I = \int_{0}^{\pi}\frac{(\pi-x)sin(\pi-x) dx}{1+cos^2(\pi-x)}$

$I = \int_{0}^{\pi}\frac{(\pi-x)sinx dx}{1+cos^2x}$

$I = \int_{0}^{\pi}\frac{\pi sinx dx}{1+cos^2x} - \int_{0}^{\pi}\frac{xsinx dx}{1+cos^2x} $

$2I = \int_{0}^{\pi}\frac{\pi sinx dx}{1+cos^2x} $

$\text{integrating using substitution:- } $

$cosx = t \rightarrow -sinxdx = dt \rightarrow sinxdx = -dt $

$\text{limits}$

$\text{when } x = 0 \text{ then } t = 1$

$\text{when } x = \pi \text{ then } t = -1$

$2I = \int_{1}^{-1}-\frac{\pi dt}{1+t^2} $
$2I = \int_{-1}^{1}\frac{\pi dt}{1+t^2}$

$\text{Again, integrating by substitution as follow:-}$

$t = tanu \rightarrow dt = sec^2udu$

$\text{limits:-}$

$t = 1 \rightarrow u = \frac{\pi}{4}$

$t = -1 \rightarrow u = \frac{-\pi}{4}$

$2I = \int_{-\frac{\pi}{4}}^{\frac{\pi}{4}}\frac{sec^2u du}{1+tan^2u}$

$2I = \int_{-\frac{\pi}{4}}^{\frac{\pi}{4}}\pi du$

$2I = \pi[\frac{\pi}{4} +\frac{\pi}{4}] $

$I = \frac{\pi^2}{4} \leftarrow \text{ANSWER}$
by Boss (18.3k points)
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Thanks   Shubhanshu

I had doubt regarding, how sin(π−x) = sin(x) ?

I searched and remembered After school To College rule , Hence now it is clear to me.

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