# Recent questions and answers in Engineering Mathematics 1
The proposition $\sim$ qvp is equivalent to p $\rightarrow$ q q $\rightarrow$ p p $\leftrightarrow$ q p $\vee$ q
2
A connected planar graph divides the plane into a number of regions. If the graph has eight vertices and these are linked by $13$ edges, then the number of regions is: $5$ $6$ $7$ $8$
3
Which of the following propositions is tautology? $(p\lor q)\to q$ $p\lor (q\to p)$ $p\lor (p\to q)$ Both (B) and (C)
4
Which of the following is true? The size of the maximum independent set on G is the same as the size of maximum clique on G'(Complement of G) The size of minimum vertex cover on G is the same as the size of maximum clique on G'(complement of G) The size of minimum vertex cover on G is the same as the size of maximum clique on G'
5
The complete graph with four vertices has $k$ edges where $k$ is : $3$ $4$ $5$ $6$
6
In an undirected graph $G$ with $n$ vertices, vertex $1$ has degree $1$, while each vertex $2,\ldots,n-1$ has degree $10$ and the degree of vertex $n$ is unknown, Which of the following statement must be TRUE on the graph $G$? There is a path from vertex $1$ ... $n$ has degree $1$. The diameter of the graph is at most $\frac{n}{10}$ All of the above choices must be TRUE
7
Which of the following graphs is/are planner?
8
Let $G$ be a simple graph with $20$ vertices and $100$ edges. The size of the minimum vertex cover of G is $8$. Then, the size of the maximum independent set of $G$ is: $12$ $8$ less than $8$ more than $12$
9
In a directed graph, every vertex has exactly seven edges coming in. What can one always say about the number of edges going out of its vertices? Exactly seven edges leave every vertex. Exactly seven edges leave some vertex. Some vertex has at least seven edges leaving it. The number of edges coming out of vertex is odd. None of the above.
10
$G$ is a simple undirected graph. Some vertices of $G$ are of odd degree. Add a node $v$ to $G$ and make it adjacent to each odd degree vertex of $G$. The resultant graph is sure to be regular complete Hamiltonian Euler
11
Which of the following statements is true for every planar graph on $n$ vertices? The graph is connected The graph is Eulerian The graph has a vertex-cover of size at most $\frac{3n}{4}$ The graph has an independent set of size at least $\frac{n}{3}$
12
The number of articulation points of the following graph is $0$ $1$ $2$ $3$
13
The degree sequence of a simple graph is the sequence of the degrees of the nodes in the graph in decreasing order. Which of the following sequences can not be the degree sequence of any graph? $7, 6, 5, 4, 4, 3, 2, 1$ $6, 6, 6, 6, 3, 3, 2, 2$ $7, 6, 6, 4, 4, 3, 2, 2$ $8, 7, 7, 6, 4, 2, 1, 1$ I and II III and IV IV only II and IV
14
Consider the graph given below as : Which one of the following graph is isomorphic to the above graph ?
1 vote
15
Consider the funciton $M$ defined as follows: $M(n) = \begin{cases} n-10 & \text{ if } n > 100 \\ M(M(n+11)) & \text{ if } n \leq 100 \end{cases}$ Compute the following$: M(101)$
1 vote
16
Consider the matrix $A=\begin{pmatrix} 0 & -1 \\ 1 & 0 \end{pmatrix}$. Find $A^n,$ in terms of $n,$ for $n\geq2.$
1 vote
17
A simple graph is one in which there are no self loops and each pair of distinct vertices is connected by at most one edge. Show that any finite simple graph has at least two vertices with the same degree.
18
A complete graph on $n$ vertices is an undirected graph in which every pair of distinct vertices is connected by an edge. A simple path in a graph is one in which no vertex is repeated. Let $G$ be a complete graph on $10$ vertices. Let $u$, $v$, $w$ be three distinct vertices in $G$. How many simple paths are there from $u$ to $v$ going through $w$?
19
The maximum number of edges in a bipartite graph on $12$ vertices is____
20
What is the chromatic number of an $n$ vertex simple connected graph which does not contain any odd length cycle? Assume $n > 2$. $2$ $3$ $n-1$ $n$
21
How many perfect matching are there in a complete graph of $6$ vertices? $15$ $24$ $30$ $60$
22
Consider the following two statements. There are infinitely many interesting whole numbers. There are finitely many uninteresting whole numbers. Which of the following is true? Statements $1$ and $2$ are equivalent. Statement $1$ implies statement $2$. Statement $2$ implies statement $1$. None of the above.
23
A simple graph is one in which there are no self-loops and each pair of distinct vertices is connected by at most one edge. Let $G$ be a simple graph on $8$ vertices such that there is a vertex of degree $1$, a vertex of degree $2$, a vertex of degree $3$, a vertex of degree ... of degree $6$ and a vertex of degree $7$. Which of the following can be the degree of the last vertex? $3$ $0$ $5$ $4$
24
$10\%$ of all email you receive is spam. Your spam filter is $90\%$ reliable: that is, $90\%$ of the mails it marks as spam are indeed spam and $90\%$ of spam mails are correctly labeled as spam. If you see a mail marked spam by your filter, what is the probability that it really is spam? $10\%$ $50\%$ $70\%$ $90\%$
25
The $12$ houses on one side of a street are numbered with even numbers starting at $2$ and going up to $24$. A free newspaper is delivered on Monday to $3$ different houses chosen at random from these $12$. Find the probability that at least $2$ of these newspapers are delivered to houses with numbers strictly greater than $14$. $\frac{7}{11}$ $\frac{5}{12}$ $\frac{4}{11}$ $\frac{5}{22}$
26
For the inter-hostel six-a-side football tournament, a team of $6$ players is to be chosen from $11$ players consisting of $5$ forwards, $4$ defenders and $2$ goalkeepers. The team must include at least $2$ forwards, at least $2$ defenders and at least $1$ goalkeeper. Find the number of different ways in which the team can be chosen. $260$ $340$ $720$ $440$
27
Let $G$ be an arbitrary graph on $n$ vertices with $4n − 16$ edges. Consider the following statements: There is a vertex of degree smaller than $8$ in $G$. There is a vertex such that there are less than $16$ vertices at a distance exactly $2$ from it. Which of the following is true: I Only II Only Both I and II Neither I nor II
1 vote
28
A $\textit{simple path}$ (respectively cycle) in a graph is a path (respectively cycle) in which no edge or vertex is repeated. The $length$ of such a path (respectively cycle) is the number of edges in the path (respectively cycle). Let $G$ be an undirected graph with minimum degree $k \geq 2$. Show that $G$ contains a simple cycle of length at least $k+1$.
1 vote
29
A $\textit{simple path}$ (respectively cycle) in a graph is a path (respectively cycle) in which no edge or vertex is repeated. The $\textit{length}$ of such a path (respectively cycle) is the number of edges in the path (respectively cycle). Let $G$ be an undirected graph with minimum degree $k \geq 2$. Show that $G$ contains a simple path of length at least $k$.
30
Let $T$ be a tree on 100 vertices. Let $n_i$ be the number of vertices in $T$ which have exactly $i$ neighbors. Let $s= \Sigma_{i=1}^{100} i . n_i$ Which of the following is true? $s=99$ $s=198$ $99 \: < \: s \: < \: 198$ None of the above
31
Let $A=\begin{pmatrix} 1 & 1 & 0\\ 0 & a & b\\1 & 0 & 1 \end{pmatrix}$. Then $A^{-1}$ does not exist if $(a,b)$ is equal to $(1,-1)$ $(1,0)$ $(-1,-1)$ $(0,1)$
32
The school athletics coach has to choose $4$ students for the relay team. He calculates that there are $3876$ ways of choosing the team if the order in which the runners are placed is not considered. How many ways are there of choosing the team if the order of the runners is to be ... Between $12,000$ and $25,000$ Between $75,000$ and $99,999$ Between $30,000$ and $60,000$ More than $100,000$
33
You arrive at a snack bar and you can't decide whether to order a lime juice or a lassi. You decide to throw a fair $6$-sided die to make the choice, as follows. If you throw $2$ or $6$ you order a lime juice. If you throw a $4$, you order a lassi. Otherwise, you throw the die ... is the probability that you end up ordering a lime juice? $\frac{1}{3}$ $\frac{1}{2}$ $\frac{2}{3}$ $\frac{3}{4}$
34
An undirected graph has $10$ vertices labelled $1, 2,\dots , 10$ and $37$ edges. Vertices $1, 3, 5, 7, 9$ have degree $8$ and vertices $2, 4, 6, 8$ have degree $7.$ What is the degree of vertex $10$ ? $5$ $6$ $7$ $8$
35
Suppose each edge of an undirected graph is coloured using one of three colours - red, blue or green. Consider the following property of such graphs: if any vertex is the endpoint of a red coloured edge, then it is either an endpoint of a blue coloured edge or not an endpoint ... an endpoint of any blue coloured edge but is an endpoint of a green coloured edge and a red coloured edge. (A) and (C).
36
A binary relation $R ⊆ (S S)$ is said to be Euclidean if for every $a, b, c ∈ S, (a, b) ∈ R$ and $(a, c) ∈ R$ implies $(b, c) ∈ R$. Which of the following statements is valid? If $R$ is Euclidean, $(b, a) ∈ R$ and $(c, a) ∈ R$, then $(b, c) ∈ R$, for every $a, b, c ∈ S$ ... $R$ is Euclidean, $(a, b) ∈ R$ and $(b, c) ∈ R$, then $(a, c) ∈ R$, for every $a, b, c ∈ S$ None of the above.
37
Twin primes are pairs of numbers $p$ and $p+2$ such that both are primes-for instance, $5$ and $7$, $11$ and $13$, $41$ and $43$. The Twin Prime Conjecture says that there are infinitely many twin primes. Let $\text{TwinPrime}(n)$ be a predicate that is true if $n$ ... $\exists m \cdot \forall n \cdot \text{TwinPrime}(n) \text{ implies }n \leq m$
Consider a social network with $n$ persons. Two persons $A$ and $B$ are said to be connected if either they are friends or they are related through a sequence of friends: that is, there exists a set of persons $F_1, \dots, F_m$ such that $A$ and $F_1$ ... friends. It is known that there are $k$ persons such that no pair among them is connected. What is the maximum number of friendships possible?
Consider the funciton $M$ defined as follows: $M(n) = \begin{cases} n-10 & \text{ if } n > 100 \\ M(M(n+11)) & \text{ if } n \leq 100 \end{cases}$ Give a constant time algorithm that computes $M(n)$ on input $n$. (A constant-time algorithm is one whose running time is independent of the input $n$)