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Important Question Types:

  1. Checking validity of First Order Logic Statements
  2. Checking validity of Propositional Logic

Recent questions tagged mathematical-logic

3 votes
2 answers
1
Choose the correct choice(s) regarding the following proportional logic assertion $S$: $S: (( P \wedge Q) \rightarrow R) \rightarrow (( P \wedge Q) \rightarrow (Q \rightarrow R))$ $S$ is neither a tautology nor a contradiction $S$ is a tautology $S$ is a contradiction The antecedent of $S$ is logically equivalent to the consequent of $S$
asked Feb 18 in Mathematical Logic Arjun 524 views
0 votes
4 answers
2
Let $p$ and $q$ be two propositions. Consider the following two formulae in propositional logic. $S_1: (\neg p\wedge(p\vee q))\rightarrow q$ $S_2: q\rightarrow(\neg p\wedge(p\vee q))$ Which one of the following choices is correct? Both $S_1$ and $S_2$ are tautologies ... tautology but $S_2$ is not a tautology $S_1$ is not a tautology but $S_2$ is a tautology Niether $S_1$ nor $S_2$ is a tautology
asked Feb 18 in Mathematical Logic Arjun 332 views
1 vote
2 answers
3
Which of the following pairs of propositions are not logically equivalent? $((p \rightarrow r) \wedge (q \rightarrow r))$ and $((p \vee q) \rightarrow r)$ $p \leftrightarrow q$ and $(\neg p \leftrightarrow \neg q)$ $((p \wedge q) \vee (\neg p \wedge \neg q))$ and $p \leftrightarrow q$ $((p \wedge q) \rightarrow r)$ and $((p \rightarrow r) \wedge (q \rightarrow r))$
asked Nov 20, 2020 in Discrete Mathematics jothee 431 views
0 votes
1 answer
4
If $f(x)=x$ is my friend, and $p(x) =x$ is perfect, then correct logical translation of the statement “some of my friends are not perfect” is ______ $\forall _x (f(x) \wedge \neg p(x))$ $\exists _x (f(x) \wedge \neg p(x))$ $\neg (f(x) \wedge \neg p(x))$ $\exists _x (\neg f(x) \wedge \neg p(x))$
asked Nov 20, 2020 in Discrete Mathematics jothee 129 views
0 votes
1 answer
5
What kind of clauses are available in conjunctive normal form? Disjunction of literals Disjunction of variables Conjunction of literals Conjunction of variables
asked Nov 20, 2020 in Discrete Mathematics jothee 138 views
0 votes
2 answers
6
Which of the following is FALSE? $Read\ \wedge as\ AND, \vee\ as\ OR, \sim as\ NOT, \rightarrow$ as one way implication and $\leftrightarrow$ as two way implication? $((x\rightarrow y)\wedge x)\rightarrow y$ $((\sim x\rightarrow y)\wedge (\sim x\wedge \sim y))\rightarrow x$ $(x\rightarrow (x\vee y))$ $((x\vee y)\leftrightarrow (\sim x\vee \sim y))$
asked Apr 2, 2020 in Mathematical Logic Lakshman Patel RJIT 142 views
0 votes
4 answers
7
1 vote
3 answers
8
Which of the following statements is false? $(P\land Q)\lor(\sim P\land Q)\lor(P \land \sim Q)$ is equal to $\sim Q\land \sim P$ $(P\land Q)\lor(\sim P\land Q)\lor(P \wedge \sim Q)$ is equal to $Q\lor P$ $(P\wedge Q)\lor (\sim P\land Q)\lor(P \wedge \sim Q)$ is equal to $Q\lor (P\wedge \sim Q)$ $(P\land Q)\lor(\sim P\land Q)\lor (P \land \sim Q)$ is equal to $P\lor (Q\land \sim P)$
asked Mar 30, 2020 in Mathematical Logic Lakshman Patel RJIT 198 views
0 votes
3 answers
9
0 votes
3 answers
10
Which one is the correct translation of the following statement into mathematical logic? “None of my friends are perfect.” $\neg\:\exists\:x(p(x)\land q(x))$ $\exists\:x(\neg\:p(x)\land q(x))$ $\exists\:x(\neg\:p(x)\land\neg\:q(x))$ $\exists\:x(p(x)\land\neg\:q(x))$
asked Mar 30, 2020 in Mathematical Logic Lakshman Patel RJIT 393 views
0 votes
1 answer
11
Which of the following statements is true? The sentence $S$ is a logical consequence of $S_{1},\dots,S_{n}$ if and only if $S_{1}\wedge S_{2} \wedge \dots \wedge S_{n}\rightarrow S$ is satisfiable. The sentence $S$ is a logical consequence of $S_{1},\dots,S_{n}$ if ... logical consequence of $S_{1},\dots,S_{n}$ if and only if $S_{1}\wedge S_{2}\wedge \dots \wedge S_{n}\wedge S$ is inconsistent.
asked Mar 24, 2020 in Discrete Mathematics jothee 593 views
0 votes
3 answers
12
5 votes
3 answers
13
Given that $B(a)$ means “$a$ is a bear” $F(a)$ means “$a$ is a fish” and $E(a,b)$ means “$a $ eats $b$” Then what is the best meaning of $\forall x [F(x) \to \forall y(E(y,x)\rightarrow b(y))]$ Every fish is eaten by some bear Bears eat only fish Every bear eats fish Only bears eat fish
asked Jan 13, 2020 in Mathematical Logic Satbir 883 views
1 vote
1 answer
14
In the land of Twitter, there are two kinds of people: knights (also called outragers), who always tell the truth, and knaves (also called trolls), who always lie. It so happened that a person with handle @anand tweeted something offensive. It was not known ... Suspect $3:$ My lawyer always tells the truth. Which of the above suspects are innocent, and which are guilty? Explain your reasoning.
asked Sep 13, 2019 in Mathematical Logic gatecse 216 views
3 votes
1 answer
15
“Not every satisfiable logic is valid” Representation of it will be $1)\sim \left ( \forall S(x)\rightarrow V(x) \right )$ or $2)\sim \left ( \forall S(x)\vee V(x) \right )$ Among $1)$ and $2)$, which one is correct? and why?
asked Jun 4, 2019 in Mathematical Logic srestha 377 views
2 votes
1 answer
16
Read the statements: All women are entrepreneurs. Some women are doctors. Which of the following conclusions can be logically inferred from the above statements? All women are doctors All doctors are entrepreneurs All entrepreneurs are women Some entrepreneurs are doctors Why here $2)$ ... ans?? Is it because , if we make set of doctor as 0, then All doctors are entrepreneurs is meaningless.
asked Jun 1, 2019 in Mathematical Logic srestha 181 views
1 vote
1 answer
17
The notation $\exists ! x P(x)$ denotes the proposition “there exists a unique $x$ such that $P(x)$ is true”. Give the truth values of the following statements : I)${\color{Red} {\exists ! x P(x)}} \rightarrow \exists x P(x)$ II)${\color{Red} {\exists ! x\sim P(x)}} \rightarrow \neg \forall x P(x)$ What will be answer here?? Is the assumption only for left hand side and not right hand side??
asked May 31, 2019 in Mathematical Logic srestha 285 views
0 votes
1 answer
18
1 vote
0 answers
19
Represent these two statement in first order logic: $A)$ Only Alligators eat humans $B)$ Every Alligator eats humans Is Every represents $\equiv \exists$ and Only represents $\equiv \forall$ ?? Can we differentiate it with verb ‘eat’ and ‘eats’??
asked May 18, 2019 in Mathematical Logic srestha 208 views
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