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32 votes
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The eigen vector $(s)$ of the matrix $$\begin{bmatrix} 0 &0 &\alpha\\ 0 &0 &0\\ 0 &0 &0 \end{bmatrix},\alpha \neq 0$$ is (are)

  1. $(0,0,\alpha)$
  2. $(\alpha,0,0)$
  3. $(0,0,1)$
  4. $(0,\alpha,0)$
in Linear Algebra recategorized by
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4 Comments

what about (alpha,alpha,0) vectors? will they be eigen vectors too.I think they are.
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Bind blowing explanation satyajeet sir
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Yes they will be eigen [email protected] gow
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6 Answers

36 votes
36 votes
Best answer
Since, the given matrix is an upper triangular one, all eigenvalues are 0. And hence $A-\lambda I=A$

So the question asks

$\begin{bmatrix} 0 &0 &\alpha \\ 0&0 &0 \\ 0& 0& 0 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} x_1\\ x_2\\ x_3 \end{bmatrix}=\begin{bmatrix} 0\\ 0\\ 0 \end{bmatrix}$

what $x_1,x_2,x_3$ are suitable?

which means $x_1$times column1+$x_2$times column2+$x_3$ times column3=Zero Vector

Look carefully,if you take any linear combination of columns 1 and 2 and don't take column 3(means $x_3=0$), the result will be a zero vector.

So, if we have our X=$\begin{bmatrix} \beta\\ \gamma\\ 0 \end{bmatrix}$ where $\beta, \gamma$ are any scalar quantity,

but $x_3$ must be necessarily zero to get zero vector.

Hence, only option (B) and (D) satisfy.
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4 Comments

Good Explanation Sir ;-)
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@Ayush sir, it will be 0,0,0 right?
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28 votes
28 votes
Given matrix is an upper triangular matrix. Therefore diagonal elements of A are eigen values of A, i.e. λ=0,0,0.

Consider the characteristic equation $(A-λI)x=0$

$\Rightarrow$ $\begin{bmatrix} 0-\lambda & 0 & \alpha \\ 0 & 0-\lambda & 0\\ 0 & 0 & 0-\lambda \end{bmatrix}$ $\begin{bmatrix}x_1\\ x_2\\ x_3 \end{bmatrix}$ = $\begin{bmatrix} 0\\ 0\\ 0 \end{bmatrix}$

To find the eigen vector of A corresponding to $\lambda$
Put the eigen value of A in the characteristic equation

i.e. $\begin{bmatrix} 0 & 0 & \alpha \\ 0 & 0 & 0\\ 0 & 0 & 0 \end{bmatrix}$ $\begin{bmatrix}x_1\\ x_2\\ x_3 \end{bmatrix}$ = $\begin{bmatrix} 0\\ 0\\ 0 \end{bmatrix}$

Now we have

$\alpha$$x_3$=0

$\Rightarrow$$x_3$ = 0

Therefore, any non zero vector with z-component as zero is an eigen vector.
Hence in the given options $B$ and $D$ are correct.
edited by

2 Comments

Thank you for explaining :)
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This explanation was better
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16 votes
16 votes
Answer: $B, D$

Eigen values are: $0,0,0$

The eigen vector should satisfy the equation: $\alpha$z $=$ $0$
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4 Comments

But it should be $[1,0,0]^T$ And $[0,1,0]^T$ even no option matches. ryt??
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if B & D are true then A should also be true please check once?
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Ok
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1 vote
1 vote

Guys this is an easy question, so let us not make it complex.

As most of the people have already explained that $|A-\lambda I|*eigenvector =\begin{bmatrix} 0 &0 &\alpha \\ 0 & 0 &0 \\ 0& 0 & 0 \end{bmatrix}$$\begin{bmatrix} x_{1}\\ x_{2}\\ x_{3} \end{bmatrix}$

Now see that we are getting $0*x_{1} + 0*x_{2} + \alpha *x_{3}=0$ as the only useful equation.

Now put whatever the value of $x_{1}$ ,$x_{2}$ and $x_{3}$, we will get our eigenvectors, EXCEPT the cases where $\alpha$ has to be zero because in question it clearly mentioned that $\alpha \neq 0$. This condition will only fail when $x_{3}\neq 0.$ And therefore now you can match the options very easily.

Answer:

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