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The base (or radix) of the number system such that the following equation holds is____________.

$\frac{312}{20} = 13.1$
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0
$\frac{312}{20}=13.1$

=> $312=13.1*20$

=>$3x^2+x+2=(x+3+\frac{1}{x})*(2x+0)$

So, $x=5$

Let ‘x’ be the base or radix of the number system .

The equation is : $\dfrac{3.x^{2}+1.x^{1} +2.x^{0} }{2.x^{1}+0.x^0} =1.x^{1} +3.x^{0}+1.x^{-1}$

$\qquad \implies \dfrac{3.x^{2}+x +2}{2.x}=x+3 +1/x$

$\qquad \implies \dfrac{3.x^{2}+x +2}{2.x}=\dfrac{x^{2}+3x +1}{x}$

$\qquad \implies 3.x^{2}+x +2=2.x^{2}+6x +2$

$\qquad \implies x^{2}+-5x = 0$

$\qquad \implies x(x-5) = 0$

$\qquad \implies x = 0 \text{ or } x = 5$

As base or radix of a number system cannot be zero, here x = 5.

by (423 points)
edited by
0

base > digit for number system. So x = 5 . It can't be 0(zero) because it violates base > digit constraint.

Ex : (abc)r   here base should be greater than all the digits.

0
Is it a wrong approach to first multiply $20\times 13.1=262$ and then compare like

$(312)_{r}=(262)_{r}\ ?$
+1
Yes. Suppose, equation is $11/2 = 5$ for some system then it will not work.

Let x (≠ 0) be the base of the given equation.

We have,

LHS = ( 3x2 + x + 2 ) / ( 2x) = ( 3x / 2 ) + ( 1 / 2 ) + ( 1 / x )

RHS = x + 3 + ( 1 / x )

Now, for the equation to hold true, LHS = RHS

( 3x / 2 ) + ( 1 / 2 ) + ( 1 / x ) = x + 3 + ( 1 / x )

⇒ 3x + 1 = 2x + 6

⇒ x = 5

So, the base is 5.

by Loyal (10k points)
0
can you explain it further and from where we get the equation ??
+2
Let me explain it like this-

if any number number system is binary and I gave you string 110 then how you will find its value-

Simple 1* 2^2 + 1* 2^1 + 0*2^0

So,we are multiplying by base ^n, n starting from 0 from LSB

Same here we considered base as "x" which we need to find out and formed equaltion,like 20 is there,so it's value is 2*x^1 + 0*x^0.. Like this for all other numbers.

Hope this clarifies your doubt :)
0
thankew so much... for nice explanation
–1 vote
312/20 = 13.1 can be rewritten as:

312 = 13.1 * 20

312 = 131 * 2

now comparing each digit:

31 = 13 * 

32 = 11 *    => 11(base x) = 3*2 (base 10)  => 11(base x) = 6 (base 10)

So base x is 5.
by Active (1.1k points)